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Personal experience

Test drive of Mercedes-Benz 190E

The owner is Ilya Zibarev, 45, a Muscovite, who works in the banking sector.
The car is a Mercedes 190E, W201, 1986 model, “American” in California configuration. With the mileage of 314 miles, which corresponds to 505 kilometers.

Here’s what Ilya told the editorial board.
– I am not a collector in the classical sense, I assemble cars a little haphazardly. The collection, if you call it that, is going to be for the soul, according to the principle “something was connected with these machines” and with the emphasis on “new old”. I have, for example, VAZ-2108 with the run of 600 km, Moskvich-2141 with the run of 50 km. These and other cars were marked in my life, in my childhood, youth, my parents, etc. When I got the information about this Mercedes, I decided that I must certainly get it!

The car was originally built for the U.S. market in 1986 and actually got there. A retired buyer brought a new car from the salon, put it in the garage, but, unfortunately, he never had a chance to drive it … As a result, the car turned into a classic “time capsule” and saw the light only about a year and a half ago, when the owner’s widow rented it to a local dealer who sells used cars. The dealer instantly appreciated the uniqueness of the car and resold it many times more expensive than he bought from the owner, a German car showroom specializing in old- and jangtaimers.

The car crossed the ocean for the second time and was exhibited in Germany for 90,000 euros. The car has caused a stir in the circles of German collectors – it may seem surprising, but even in the homeland of this mass and megapopular car, which was produced for more than ten years, there are virtually no copies with such mileage and in such a state (without restoration)! That very mass production made its own black business – the cars were perceived as “working horses” and were often used “in the tail and maneuver” – nobody thought to keep them in a collectible state…

However, “wanting” does not mean “buying”! German collectors, inclined to leisurely and strenuous, began to patiently wait for the price reduction. It gradually fell and reached 50,000 euros, after which some movement of potential buyers has already begun. Just at that moment I learned about the car from my local friends. I immediately sent a technical expert and a lawyer to inspect the car and, having received their conclusions, I quickly paid the declared price and took the car to Moscow! After that, as I was told by my German friends, there was a shock in the German oldtimer party that turned into a tragedy – everyone thought that sooner or later a car would be bought by one of the local venerable collectors, and no one expected that the national wealth would leave the country!

Mercedes arrived in Moscow by a covered car carrier, where he was registered and received the numbers in the usual general order. The car for the soul was not cheap – only 5 million rubles, of which one million were customs costs.

Outside

A characteristic feature of this particular specimen is the specific “recessed” headlights, which were made for import into the U.S. These are the so called “headlamps”, which are widespread over the ocean: if in a usual headlamp there is a reflector in the body, covered with glass, and inside there is a removable lamp, in the “headlamp” the reflector, glass and the lamp (a thread of incandescent in a flask) is a single and undisassembled whole. The advantages of the headlamp are its complete tightness in all conditions and absence of misting, while the disadvantages are the replacement of the entire headlamp when the lamp burns out, the need to adjust the direction of the beam after replacement, and difficulties with the installation of headlamp cleaners.

Original light-alloy discs are shoes in rubber R15 186/65 Continental Super Contact. This model of tires is not produced for many years, but in the trunk lies a new, never wearing a stock on a full-size rim.

Inside

The beige interior blends perfectly with the warmth of the body. And what a smell there – mmm … Surprisingly, but for 32 years the aroma of the new car has not only not weathered out – it feels as if it has even intensified! Let’s call it “the effect of cognac aging”, though in fact it is only the evaporation of different volatile substances – xylols, toluene, benzene, aldehydes and other chemicals, creating such a cute nose of a true motorist blend.

The textures of finishing materials are luxurious in the context of time and safety, although they are not really expensive – the model is still relatively cheap. However, they want to be touched and touched, receiving unprecedented tactile pleasure – almost like in the famous scene in “Escape from Vegas”, where the stuck heroes furiously stroked palms of their hands trimmed with fur in a nightclub, trying to keep the lost connection with reality.

The driver’s seat offers a view of Stuttgart’s impeccable classics of control and dashboard design, many elements of which have been migrating from one model to another for decades, including many years after the 190th production was discontinued.

However, some things familiar to experienced Mercedes-Benz riders are able to strain a person who has never driven a star before. For example, the button switch of modes of the heater with not too obvious pictograms of distribution of streams of air, special algorithm of inclusion of the conditioner, etc.

 

 

A special oldskulny chic – a separate button to control the extension and retraction of the telescopic antenna of the radio! And the further down the time scale, the more impressive such things seem to be, before ordinary. Seeing the control button of the electric antenna, my daughter stated: “This car from the past is much more like a car from the future than our modern car…”. With the mouths of a baby, which is called…

And symbolic, but important attributes of this “new old” car – a huge number of different papers, everywhere laid out and hung on the rope loops in the cabin and trunk. Service book, warranty, first service reminders, mini-instruction for cruise control, checks, dealer network cards, original virgin medicine cabinet, etc. There is even a native, not yet printed leather case for the ignition keys!

Iron

Under the hood of the car lives a 2.3-liter 4-cylinder longitudinally located 132 hp engine M102.985. The M102 engine family began with carburetor modifications, but the letter E in the index of the car model (190E) indicates the presence of injection (Einspritzmotor). In general, the family of these engines had versions with a volume of 1.8, 2.0, 2.3 and 2.5 liters

Under the transparent lid of the futures block hides a “nightmare of a gigulist” – rod fuses. Typical for their years, but later universally recognized as not reliable enough for high currents.

An additional electric pump for antifreeze allows it to be pumped through the heater radiator and after the engine has been switched off, providing the opportunity to use the residual heat of the engine without wasting gasoline.

 

On the move.

The first thing we encountered in the test drive of this “time capsule” was a fully discharged battery after a month of inactivity under the cover. “The car is 32 years old, during which its engine was started at best several dozen times…” – I pensively thought about it during the process of throwing a cheap launch booster on the battery terminals of the crocodiles. But the old German did not disgrace himself – started literally from half a turn, just instantly!

While the engine is warming up, I get settled behind the wheel. Landing is rather high – with a solid growth of the driver the gap between the top and the ceiling is vanishingly small, and the steering wheel still wants to raise slightly higher. However, it is not difficult to sit down comfortably – especially as the seats have fully preserved their shape and elasticity. And at the expense of a high landing excellent visibility and sense of dimensions of the car is provided.

I also switch on the “drive” with a soft shock (which was the norm in 87th, and on modern boxes it is possible to consider a sign of approaching problems). The engine, without the slightest delay, responding to the pedal with a classic cable drive, easily gains momentum, making a pleasant bass rumble, which is extremely delicate and dosed through the excellent noise insulation.

Maneuverability and maneuverability is exemplary – adjusted for the era, of course! The steering gearbox provides excellent feedback, the machine listens clearly to the steering wheel and unfolds literally on the spot. The car does not provoke an active drive, although, of course, there is some potential for this even in the most ordinary civil version (and there were also “charged” small circulation, and purely sports professional). This “time machine” makes you want to drive in a fancy, leisurely way.

Moreover, the suspension has completely preserved all its characteristics, although it is not clear how it can be at the age of 32, even in the absence of mileage! The front and rear suspension settings polished by Stuttgart engineers (the last one is a complex five-lever) carry the car almost like on air cylinders! “Lying policemen” pass as if they are not present, and thus softness on roughness does not generate valleys in turns – the car confidently enters turns and stably moves in strips as to modern “solarisam” and “logs” even did not dream.

However, all this is, of course, trifling. The main thing for this copy is the ability to convey the spirit of the time, and it does it exemplary. The era is gone, but the car keeps it and carefully carries it to the next generations…

Model History

It is not uncommon to say that the Mercedes 190 was developed as the main competitor of the third series from BMW, but this is true only in part. In 1973, the Arab League refused to supply oil to the leading Western powers, which supported Israel in its conflict with Syria and Egypt – fuel prices rose everywhere, there was a shortage of it. Despite the fact that the acute phase of the oil confrontation lasted only a year (!), its impact was felt all over the world for more than a decade – in particular, in the automotive industry the crisis caused a sharp development of the segment of compact and efficient cars, which, in fact, became a very positive trend. As part of this trend and was developed “baby-benz” Mercedes 190, which instantly reached the top of the sales ratings of the D-segment in Europe and became popular in America.

Mercedes 190 of the W201 family has been on the conveyor for 12 years – from 1982 to 1993. When launching a new model of transition to a promising, but not associated with the typical Stuttgart high-tech class front drive, fortunately, did not happen (although there were plans!). But in comparison with the W123 family that prevailed before the W201, the new line of vehicles became much shorter in bodywork, lighter in weight, and significantly reduced the drag coefficient, which affects fuel consumption.

Of course, the main series of gasoline engines M102 became lighter, more powerful and more economical than its predecessor M115. In terms of commercial operation of the 190s, the famous Mercedes-Benz OM601/602 millionaire diesel engines have traditionally been excellent, and the model was also famous for its sports successes in the DTM series body racing.

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Reviews

The Ford Tourneo Courier hasn’t changed much

 

The Ford Tourneo Courier was first displayed at the Geneva Motor Show in 2013. Since then, the manufacturer has been gradually making changes to its child. The last time it was planned to hold a full facelift of the model. It hasn’t undergone any major changes, and now there are new photos of the updated passenger car in the networks. The tubular safety frame of the car has undergone a noticeable transformation, and the novelty is being tested in the Alps. The utility car is still being actively developed, confirming the fact that the chassis are constantly improved in the conditions of mountain roads. In fact, Tourneo Courier is the most modest family passenger and cargo vehicle, which is equipped with either a liter version of the EcoBusta with 100 horses inside or a liter and a half of diesel engine with 75 horses.

Ford Tourneo Courier

Ford Tourneo Courier


Most of the changes in the machine were related to technical stuffing. This included steering, brakes, powertrains and most importantly, on-board electronics. On the front panel the Tourneo received a full information and entertainment system. By the way, this system was updated only a few days ago, and its basis was the system of previous generation Tourneo.

Ford Tourneo Courier

Ford Tourneo Courier

Depending on the equipment of this Ford will be transformed and its salon. By the way, in several variants there is a retractable multimedia panel, and in others there is a smartphone docking station. The power units have not changed much, only their torque has been increased. This, in turn, allowed to achieve fuel economy and significantly improve driving characteristics of the vehicles. Electronics will find a transformation in the security system. It is quite likely that the manufacturer will provide its child with a night detector for detecting pedestrians, an intelligent speed limiter and a function of reading traffic signs. It is worth expecting changes in the multimedia complex, where the display diagonal will be increased and a couple of functions will be added for a full system docking with a smartphone. Ford tourneo reviews can confirm the plausibility of all the expected innovations, however, it will have to wait a little longer for the manufacturer to release his big guy on the global automotive market.

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Tesla Model X – test drive

 

The Tesla Model X is a truly unique car that deserves attention. Among all the cars that were tested by the world-famous experts from NHTSA, this model has yielded in terms of safety only to a significantly expensive and representative model of the class “S”. It is worth noting that this model after the safety test received a score of 5.4 points, which is even impossible by the rules. This test showed that safe and reliable cars can be not only the representatives of expensive class.

Tesla Model X

Tesla Model X

Tesla model x test characteristics

The front crash test simulated a frontal impact of the car at a speed of 56 kilometers per hour. Side impact of different severity was simulated and simulated.

This model of the car is durable and easily survives such emergency situations. The concept of the car and the correct positioning of vital parts significantly increases the safety of passengers. The car is protected by a fully electric structure. Electronics is safer in the event of an accident if gasoline is combined with heavy running gear. The only heavy things in the car are batteries, but even they make the car safe. The fact is that tesla test showed excellent stability of the car in case of accident. Test drive tesla showed that in a difficult emergency the car stays on wheels and does not flip over. This was achieved by the engineers of the car construction company due to the fact that very heavy batteries are evenly located under the floor. The centre of gravity is very low and simply does not allow the vehicle to flip over.

Tesla model x

Tesla model x

The tesla model x test showed that in a critical traffic accident all car passengers have a chance (93%) that they will not suffer serious injuries. This is a high figure, which even the world-famous car construction companies aspire to. This result was achieved due to the intelligent concept of auto. In addition to the well positioned batteries, the overall concept of the car also contributes to safety. Those places that often suffer from accidents have been redesigned so that they can absorb even the strongest impacts. In the event of a severe collision, the car is deformed outward, not inward, which increases the likelihood that a person in the cabin will suffer minimal damage.

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Reviews

Toyota Yaris 2018-2019 in a new body

 

Toyota Yaris 3rd generation is a modern and very compact car that combines ease of operation and low fuel consumption. The car Toyota Yaris, offers car owners new powerful engines, updated design of the body, comfortable interior of the cabin and a rich variety of equipment equipment kitting.

Toyota Yaris 2018-2019 in a new body: photo, price, characteristics

Toyota Yaris 2018-2019 price depends on the equipment and is determined by technical and technological characteristics.

общий вид

Complete sets

The 2018-2019 Toyota Yaris Sedan is available to Russian customers in two different configurations, each with its own value and technical characteristics. Most of the feedback on the cost and possible layout of the new car is positive. However, some owners and critics miss the most important nuances, which is why the car cannot be called the leader of the car market.

вид спереди

The two main sets of equipment include..:

three-door model – from 11 thousand 990 euros;
Five-door model – from 12 thousand 690 euros.

Among other things, the equipment is divided because of the installed engines. Especially for Toyota Yaris five engines of different capacities were produced.

In general, each sedan or hatchback has a price close to the price of the basic model, with a difference of several hundred thousand. This is due to the fact that the standard equipment has almost the same set of features as the maximum modification.

As a rule, each model of Toyota Yaris released in 2016-2017 does not have inherently strong differences between them. The only significant difference is the presence or absence of a mechanical gearbox or variator. An important remark is that the sedans and hatchbacks of Toyota Yaris are almost identical.

Design

Each new model of Toyota Yaris has a unique design, designed in full compliance with the manufacturer’s canons. Reviews about the new design are mostly positive.

багажник

If you want to evaluate the visual merits of the new machine, you can watch the corresponding videos or photos.

Appearance

The new exterior of the car model looks much better. A modern compact car with an expressively made front and side surfaces. Very dynamic and at the same time somewhat aggressive appearance. Toyota Yaris’s feedback from owners is only positive, with a large number of motorists, distinguishes high stability of the car on the road, ease of driving and spacious interior.

The rear part of the new car is covered by a slightly modified boot lid. All the optics on the car has a newfashioned LED sections.

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The front bumper has undergone the biggest changes compared to the early car manufacturer. Thus, the front part of the car is tamed by large air intakes, high-quality fog lights and significantly redesigned optics.

Salon

The Toyota Yaris Sedan released in 2018-2019 as a basic package has very few innovations. However, from the technological side, the new sedan has undergone several major upgrades.

салон

The most complete modification has:

The wide information-entertainment display;
multifunctional steering wheel, providing control over the cabin systems with the manufacturer’s logo;
rear view camera;
sport mode system;
stepless variator MultiDrive;
A wide view of the road, due to the windscreen and side windows;
compact side mirrors providing good rear visibility.

Among other things, the new Toyota Yaris sedan, released in 2016-2017, has a large amount of free space in the cabin.

Toyota Yaris technical characteristics

The new generation is significantly larger than the previous model – although it is in class B. The length of the car is more than 3880 mm, and the width of the new model Toyota Yaris – 1695 mm, in height – 1512 mm. The wheelbase has a size of 2510 mm, the car track – 1460/1450 mm. with the help of an increased wheelbase of 50 mm. Toyota Yaris technical characteristics have a large number of upgrades and upgrades.

The car has a spacious and qualitatively new finished interior. The capacity of the main luggage compartment is more than 280 liters. But when to add up automobile backrests of seats which are divided in a proportion 40/60 then loading volume of space becomes much more and now makes value in 772 litres.

Toyota Yaris

Toyota Yaris has significantly higher specifications than previous models of cars of this world famous car brand. Under the hood there is a choice of 3 efficient engines – 2 gasoline and high-performance diesel engines. Gasoline engines are offered for motorists with a capacity of 1 and 1.33 liters, and the high-performance diesel engine has a capacity of 1.4 liters and is installed in a model that is fully driven.

For a complete understanding of the machine’s technical characteristics it is necessary to study in detail the basic and maximum engine. The standard 1.0-litre gasoline engine has the following characteristics:

  • A power of 69 horsepower;
  • torque of 93 Nm;
  • Maximum speed up to 155 km/h;
  • Acceleration to 100 km/h in 15.3 seconds.

The top 1.4-liter diesel engine has the following characteristics:

  • Power of 90 horsepower;
  • torque of 205 Nm;
  • the maximum speed to 175 km/h;
  • Acceleration up to 100 km/h in 10.8 seconds.

Among other things, worthy of attention is the hybrid version of the car, which has under the hood an engine with a capacity of 100 hp and volume of 1.5 liters.

As for Toyota Yaris, the feedback from the owners is only positive, with a large number of car enthusiasts, it stands out for low fuel consumption, high stability on the road and ease of driving.

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Ford Windstar 3.8 V6 test drive of 1995

The owner is Vladimir Nosikov, 28 years old Muscovite, a driver and a staff member.

The car is a 1995 Ford Windstar GL. Mileage – 230 000 km. The first generation was produced from 1995 to 1998. Purchased for 150 000 rubles.

Vladimir tells the story of his car.

– Such a car was in our family for many years – my father was engaged in distillation of used cars from Europe and brought Ford Windstar from Germany in 1999.

Relatives liked the minivan very much, and they asked to help them find a similar Windstar, which was done – in 2004, their father brought them a very successful and well-groomed copy of 1995, the first year of production of this model. Our Windstar was sold a long time ago, and I haven’t heard about the fate of the second one for a long time, because relatives didn’t live nearby and we didn’t talk too often. However, in 2014, I came across one of the largest car ad websites, the very familiar Ford. “Isn’t that Uncle Viti’s car? – I asked my father, and he also recognized her. At that time I had a VAZ-2113, but I wanted a Windstar – I knew this minivan well (both in general and in particular), its merits and convenience. The car was sold for 180,000 rubles, but by family friendship it was given to me for 150,000. For exactly the same amount of money I sold VAZ and, in fact, just changed!

Despite Ford’s age, the exchange was great: after a primitive and close “zhigulenka” old “American” seemed just a high-tech ship! However, after the purchase in 2014, I had a chance to ride it for only three days – and I was taken into the army. And since 2015, I’ve been riding it all the time, and the car doesn’t let me down or bother with repairs.

Today, Ford Windstar is quite rare in Russia, although its classmates, such as Dodge Caravan, still meet. Windstars for the whole country are usually on sale on the largest car resources – not more than a dozen. The usual price for such cars today is from 100-150 thousand for cars in average condition and up to 200 thousand for well-preserved copies.

Outside

Probably hardly anyone would call Ford Windstar handsome today, but at the time of his appearance in 1995, when he changed his angular and stupid predecessor, the biodesign with its licked inexpressiveness was at the peak of fashion. Windstar is fully consistent with this style, both on the outside and inside.

Our Windstar’s driver’s door swings open at almost 90 degrees, which is noticeably more than the front passenger’s – it’s easier to get behind the wheel. Passengers in the second and third row enter the cabin through a sliding door on the right.

Interestingly, by the end of the 90s minivans started to have sliding doors from both sides of their competitors, but on Windstar the Fordovtsy, when preparing the next package of modifications for the new 1998 model year, went for a temporary trick – an additional entrance to the cabin for passengers on the left side was realized through the driver’s door, which was enlarged for this purpose, and the driver’s seat was made with a folding backrest, as it is practiced in all three-door hatchbacks. A full-fledged second sliding door appeared only on the second generation of Windstar after 1999.

Inside

The dashboard and centre console are solid and monumental. At the wheel you feel like you’re on a bridge or at least a driver of a large full-size coach. The console is extended to the driver, the barn is vertically adjustable, all buttons and handles are visible and easily accessible. The interior is very well thought out.

The electronic dashboard is a rarity on Windstars. The model was equipped with such an instrument only in 1995 – then, strange as it may seem, they switched to a more traditional arrowhead. The main advantage of the “digital” variant is easy switching through the route menu from miles to kilometers and from gallons to liters!

Windstar is a seven-seater car. It has two front seats, a sofa for two on the second row and a passage past it to the third three-way. The seats are excellent – soft, high enough, with plenty of legroom.

 

There are few electrical adjustments in the seats, but the driver has a pneumatically controlled lumbar support, which is extremely useful in long-distance travel, for which Windstar is ideal.

У задних пассажиров есть собственная панель управления музыкой – с кнопками настройки радио, памяти станций, громкости. Штатная магнитола дает возможность слушать разную музыку: у водителя играет кассета через передние колонки, а задние пассажиры могут подключить две пары наушников со стандартным 3,5-миллиметровыми штекерами и слушать радио.

The mirror has an auto-blackening function, and its sensor is responsible for automatically turning on the light when dusk comes. Also on the mirror there is a slider to adjust the time delay of headlights off after leaving the cabin – a polite light.

Antisolar visors – double, allowing you to cover yourself from the rays and from the front, from the side.

Different niches and containers for Windstar’s things, oddly enough, aren’t too rich. The glove box volume is quite modest, but there is a very large tray for audio cassettes. There is a retractable cup holder for two jacks, pockets in the doors and a drawer under the front passenger seat.

Other nice chips include electrically operated rear windows, elastic plastic in the cabin and keyhole lighting on the outside – if you approach a locked car and pull the handle outside, the lights in the cabin and the well will turn on!

Iron

The Ford Windstar was equipped with a 6-cylinder injector V-shaped V-rays from the Vulcan and Essex families. In 1995, there were two engines: a 3-liter engine with a capacity of 147 hp and 3.8 liters with 155 hp. In the following years, engine power gradually increased.

On our Windstar, we had a 3.8-litre Essex, a front-driven, transversely mounted 3.8-litre engine. The range of these engines is as large as it is old. They lead their lineage from the late 60’s and over the years have found many variations for dozens of Ford models and other brands. Carburettor and injector, positioned longitudinally and transversely, with a wide range of capacities and attachments.

The ACP is a 4-stage “classic” with torque converter, controlled by a handle on the steering wheel with an overdrive button. This combination of engine and transmission is known to motorists for its much more common combination than Windstar’s Ford Taurus. The engine and gearbox are considered to be afraid of overheating – the engine requires a proper cooling system, and the “machine” does not feel sorry for long runs at high speed.

This Windstar hasn’t surprised anyone in four years of operation. All the work that was carried out was related to maintenance and expenditure and concerned mainly the suspension, which is quite simple (front McPherson, rear torsion beam). Front brake discs – 5000 rubles, pads – 1700 rubles, steering rods and tips – 1300 rubles each, stabilizer racks – about 1500 rubles of steam, shock absorber racks – 9000 rubles per pair. The availability of almost all of the marketable spare parts. But, according to the owner, Windstar may soon need to replace the mass flow rate sensor. And this is a detail of those that can’t be bought “around the corner”: it is custom-made and expensive – about 7000 rubles.

On the move

As it happens when you meet almost all the old Americans, the first effect of Windstar – amazing softness! The energy-intensive pendant of this “bead” swallows any city roughness, including log-like “lying policemen”, and what is “under swallowed” is damped by soft velour pillows of seats.

At the start the car reacts to gas very cheerfully – classic American V-shaped models are famous for their low speed traction. The catch after a hundred is already sluggish. And cotton brakes require pressure from the soul, not sorry.

Large and massive car confidently holds the road, up to 120 km / h do not have to taxi, the steering wheel is held by a finger. Standard tires of Windstar are 205/70 R15, and on our copy there is rubber with the same diameter, but slightly wider – 215/70. At partings in ruthlessness the back is shaking: the suspension there, as it has already been said, is dependent, with a beam. The car does not leave the trajectory, but slightly “sausages”.

On parking lots it is a little bit more difficult: the body is long (5110 mm), and the angle of rotation of wheels is small. Because of this, where an ordinary sedan is pulled out at the first time, Windstar requires 2-3 receptions. The visibility, in spite of the abundant glazing, is so good. Do not add visibility and blinded flat mirrors rear view, in the blind areas of which too much is lost.

The consumption is just as pleasing: in mixed mode city-track it is a very moderate 12 liters, which is for such a “crocodile” – and not the consumption at all!

Model history

In 1986, the first 7-seater minivan – the rear-wheel drive model Aerostar – appeared in the Ford range of cars. By 1994, the angular Aerostar had become obsolete and was replaced by the Windstar front-drive biodesign in the 90s.

First of all, the car was positioned as a minibus for family and travel, but it also had a practically unknown in our country commercial cargo-version without glazing and with a cargo body.

The new minivan quickly gained popularity as the safest among classmates – in the crash-test it gained maximum points and already had two airbags and ABS in the base. The car was produced until 2004, having gone through a restyling process in 1998 with the renewal of bumpers and optics, as well as with the addition of a second sliding door on the left.

Changes were made to the model all the time, not only during restyling. Each year, Windstar has been improving the model by adding various options. Gradually, the list of options included electric closing/opening of the sliding door, electric height adjustment of the pedal unit, the system of course stability, air balloons in the suspension, a separate air conditioner for rear passengers, tire pressure control system and much more. Changes also touched the engine compartment: in due course the 3-liter engine was removed from the range, and the 3.8-liter engine was forced to 203 hp.

In 2004, the model was replaced by a minivan Ford Freestar, which was produced until 2007. Since then, there have been no full-size minivans in the Ford range – the segment was completely absorbed by crossovers.

 

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Personal experience

White Solaris’ overview

 

On the roads of Russia you can often see the new white Solaris. This is due to the fact that a white modification of the Hyundai Solaris car, which at first glance seems quite unremarkable, was recently released. But an experienced person will immediately see similarities with the Genesis sedan and Elantra’s representative car.

The difference is only in size. At the moment for Hundai Solaris a modification of white color is available, as well as 7 more shades for the body, but in the near future it will be possible to see the car in two more variants.

The sedan of the model under consideration was well bought for 6 years of production, and last year it took the first place in the sales ranking with the result of 90380 cars. Koreans still decided to upgrade the car and launched production at a factory near St. Petersburg, thus presenting the second generation of Hyundai Solaris. Changes on the outside compared to the previous series are difficult to notice with the naked eye, as the difference in size is very small: the width and length of the car differ from the old version only by 30 mm.

As for the price, it is possible to get Hyundai Solaris white for 600 thousand rubles in the most simple complete set, but it is necessary to add 100 thousand more, and the car will be more and more similar to expensive foreign car in terms of comfort. The average price of a car in a more optimal configuration is about 750-800 thousand rubles. If the buyer wants maximum comfort, he will have to spend about 900 thousand rubles. It can be concluded from this that the car is not so budgetary. It is possible to explain the price increase by the fact that already in the basic configuration there are many useful tools.

Hyundai Solaris

Hyundai Solaris

This includes 2 airbags, the ERA-GLONASS navigation system and an option to monitor tyre pressure. The functions received for an additional fee are impressive, but if you don’t want to overpay, the initial version is quite capable to arrange a rude motorist. Pay attention to the interior of the car by Hyundai Solaris white, whose photo shows that the car as a whole looks beautiful. Here there is heating of the steering wheel all over the diameter, it is quite a convenient function in the cold season. In the extended versions, the steering wheel is covered with leather, but in the basic version it is necessary to be satisfied with small size. Automatic window lifts are available only at the driver’s door, the rest are manual. The side mirrors are quite narrow.

Compared to the previous generation, there is more space in the cabin in width and length, but behind the taller people will be prevented from enjoying the ride by the low roof. A driver with a large body in this car will feel comfortable. His legs will be almost in a straight position. The multimedia system, capable of interacting with Apple and Android smartphones, is available only in the maximum configuration, and in the base and average remains to use an ordinary radio, which works after the ignition and is able to maintain the volume of music when turned off.

Emergency system ERA-GLONASS is equipped with all models of the car in question, but for additional opportunities to pay another 20 thousand rubles. So, the central armrest becomes available in an average complete set, and access without a key and heating of seats behind it is possible to receive only in the most advanced equipment of Elegance.

Conclusion

Old Solaris was difficult to keep at high speeds due to problems with steering and rear suspension. There were also other minor drawbacks such as low smooth running and poor noise insulation in the interior. In the new model, manufacturers tried to eliminate these shortcomings, but they were not completely corrected.

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Toyota Verso 2019 in the new body

 

In autumn 2018, the Paris Motor Show was presented with a new, significantly updated model of the Toyota Verso, which has undergone 470 various changes and modifications. The new car was developed by the European branch of Toyota Motor Corporation, in cooperation with the best automobile engineers.

вид спереди

The modern version of the Toyota Verso 2019 updated many of the components affecting all sorts of details. Particularly noteworthy changes have been made:

  • technological component;
  • technical characteristics;
  • exterior and interior design.

Feedback on the new restyled version of Toyota Verso from owners and professional critics is largely positive. However, it is important to note that not all motorists had time to appreciate the car due to its recent appearance. It is possible to tell with confidence that in a year or less, Toyota Verso becomes one of the best family cars.

To estimate all features of the updated car it is possible by means of corresponding photos and video test drive in a network the Internet. At the same time, it is worth remembering that the best way to evaluate the car is only in the car showroom, by personal inspection.

Design

The restyling version received a completely new appearance during the update, showing the huge triangles of headlights and perfectly emphasizing the grille. The 2019 Toyota Verso model is equipped with fog lights on the bumper.

Appearance

Overview mirrors have comfortable legs and are equipped with repeaters. The profile of the family wagon, which has increased capacity, clearly demonstrates the smoothness of the ascending lines of window sills, flowing roof and quite massive wheel arches.

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The rear part was significantly less altered. The stern is perfectly complemented by a bumper with an integrated diffuser. Also, the number plate frame on the rear door received a slightly modified configuration.

Thanks to the increased number of welding points, the stiffness of the body was increased by 20%. In general, Toyota Verso’s performance has improved significantly, which has had a significant impact on the machine’s controllability in every possible situation.

фары

The good news for the Russian consumer is that the car has received excellent cross-country performance, suitable for Russian roads and off-roads. Although this applies only to the performance characteristics, tyres also have some impact on these parameters.

Salon

The renovated Verso 2019 showroom has a seat transformation, contributing to the creation of a large cargo area with sufficient dimensions – 1575*1430 millimeters. The seven-seater modification was equipped with a miniature trunk, only 155 liters. On the other hand, in a five-seater version it makes up 440 liters.

приборная панель

In the cabin of the compact minivan in the new body there are many boxes and chests, shelves and pockets for all sorts of things. Of course, everything is placed in such a way that the driver and passengers, being in the cabin, feel exclusively coziness and care of the manufacturer for each individual person.

In the case of the new restyled Toyota Verso 2019 model year, owner feedback underscores the fact that the car has impressive features. At the same time, the optional maximum modification and minimum equipment are virtually identical to each other. Thus, the car can be rightfully called truly affordable and comfortable.

Functionality

Restyled Toyota Verso 2019 is presented in three main types of equipment, and even the base manufacturers supplied electric mirrors with repeaters and heated, fog lights, air conditioning and multimedia system, including a 6.1-inch display. This version has:

Cruise control;
navigation;
climate control;
leather seats.

In addition, the new model has significantly increased the noise insulation from the engine and the surrounding space outside the car. Feedback from owners separately underlines this advantage as one of the most promising, given the power and noise produced by the engine under the hood of Toyota Verso.

Specifications

The car was installed on a modernized suspension, providing more comfortable conditions of movement. To improve controllability and increase information efficiency, there are settings of the electric power steering.

Each car model can be equipped with one of the five possible engines, specially designed for the updated model range:

1.6-liter petrol engine with 126 horsepower (basic);
1.8-liter petrol engine with 147 horsepower;
2.0-liter diesel engine with 126 horsepower;
2.2-liter diesel engine with 150 horsepower;
2.2-liter diesel engine with 177 horsepower.

It is important to note that only gasoline engines are available on the market for Russian consumers. Diesel engines have been developed for the global market, but are available only in some foreign countries, including Japan.

двигатель

Depending on the engine, the vehicle can be equipped with one of two possible transmission types. The 2.0-litre diesel engine and 1.6-litre petrol engine are thus combined exclusively with a 6-speed manual transmission. Any other engine, and possible, is combined with a convenient variator.

Complete sets

Initially, the price of the Toyota Verso 2019 car in the new bodywork was not disclosed and caused some concerns of potential consumers. However, after the official announcement of the possible kits and their cost, restyled versions of the car received only one more reason to make positive comments.

Each named set differs in the presence of some additional functions, as well as visual features and quality of finishing. This should be taken into account when choosing and purchasing a car. Each feature can be studied in detail by video test drive and photo on the Internet.

It is important to know that the Comfort package is the only one that can be equipped with a 1.6-liter and 1.8-liter gasoline engine. In all other cases, under the hood of the Toyota Verso model 2019 is installed a 1.8-liter en

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For seven presidents: Cadillac Fleetwood 75 1953 test drive

 

He’s worth it!

Although this Fleetwood was released in 1953, its model year is 1950. These machines were produced from 1950 to 1953, although much later moved to Fleetwood 1954 model year, which was produced until 1958. At the same time, some parts of this car were changed during production. Well, what was fundamentally new in it in 1950?

The most important thing is a fundamentally new “post-war” design, which other Cadillacs tried on back in 1948. Even strangely enough, the most expensive model was later updated with cheaper ones, although the previous generation of 1941-1949 looked great.

In the new generation of cars introduced all the most relevant at that time, designer and technical refinements. In particular, the steps were abandoned, and the windshield was made whole for the first time. The wheelbase grew from 3,500 to 3,730 mm (75 series, 67 series, with its own base). It is necessary to mention separately a bumper with characteristic “fangs” in the form of heads of shells – it is often called by own name “dagmar” (dagmar).

The history of the appearance of this name is naughty. According to the designers’ idea the projectiles were to symbolize the swiftness of the car, but the slang name “dagmar” was not connected with the speed, guns, shells and bullets. In the early 1950s in America was very popular actress Virginia Ruth Egnor, who acted under the pseudonym Dagmar. She gained fame primarily for her breasts and her manner of showing it on TV. The shape of her breasts seemed to the designers to be very similar to this bumper (or the shape of the bumper – the breast), which was immediately nicknamed “dagmar”. Unfortunately, I haven’t seen the actress’s chest, but the bumper looks interesting.

Now let’s open the hood and watch the engine.

The engine of the first Fleetwood 75 came from the late version of the previous generation – 331st series (that’s how its volume is in cubic inches, in liters – 5,4). This engine was developed directly for the Cadillac and Oldsmobile. The power of the huge V8 today is not striking – only 170 hp, although in later versions after the installation of two four-chamber carburettors from it were able to squeeze out as much as 270 hp. (there were also intermediate versions with 230, 240 and 250 hp). The engine for that time (Lord, give me back my 53rd!) is quite traditional: short-stroke, with a full-bearing crankshaft and hydraulic compensators. By the way, the first hydraulic compensators appeared in the engines of Cadillac – on the engine V16 in the Model 452 1930, so it was not an innovation for Fleetwood. However, there was a nuance: hydraulic compensators did not work very well at high revs. That’s why in the distant 50s American “tuners” (or “collective farmers”?) simply threw them away and in return put ordinary pushers from the Studebaker V8 engine.

However, let’s go back to the undercover space – there is still a lot of interesting things here. First of all, what are these two glands sticking out on the right and left? And this is the compressor of the conditioner and the pump of GURA. Yes, both in 1953 were already on the Cadillac! However, as options, but hydraulic window lifters were “in the base”.

And now let’s take a look at the battery. On American cars, it was often such an unusual form today – narrow and high. In our case, this form allows you to open access to candles for their replacement and to the oil dipstick of the box. However, any other battery can fit in here, too – places in bulk. Simply drain is more convenient.

So, what’s with the oil dipstick in the gearbox? This usually stands on the machine. Is it really…

Yes! Yes! Yes, Ladies and Gentlemen! It’s a real ACP, and it’s a four-step process. General Motors developed this box Hydra-Matic in the late 1930s, and for the first time it appeared in 1940 on Oldsmobile models, and then – on Cadillacs. A little later this world’s first production automatic was equipped with Pontiac, Bentley, Hudson, Kaiser, Nash and Rolls-Royce. What, citizens, is typical: the mechanical box, which was “in the base” (ACP is an option, the base it became the next generation in 1954), was just a three-stage. Well, well… It is very interesting how the car with 66-year-old automatic rifle rides!

Turn on the sound!

Now we have to pull ourselves together a little bit to avoid the luxury of 66 years ago. You should agree that not every car of that epoch could boast of such a set of options: air conditioner, window lifters, mountain lights and automatic transmissions… And also – natural wood, chrome and even a radio receiver. At the same time, there are usual “oars” that stand in cars with mechanical window lifters. Why are they here? And they are needed to open the windows.

Driver’s seat is unexpectedly convenient: there is a lot of space, the seat is unusually high for the American front sofa. In general, the interior, ergonomics and the entire dashboard here seem a little more modern than the exterior itself. Inside – the beginning of the sixties with this compact dashboard instead of scattered on the entire panel of individual scales and pointers, “licked” transition from the panel to the door cards, a large glovebox in front of the passenger. It seems that there has been more progress inside than outside. However, everything is very, very good. In the cabin, by the way, it is also much more convenient than in older cars at least 10 years older. Now the main thing is that it was better.

Usually the launch of the old V8 is a whole event, marked by the work of the gas pedal and the “suction”, then – the sound of the awakened gasoline eater. Everything in Fleetwood is somehow easier. Even the cold engine started at one turn of the key, and the sound… You know, to be honest, I expected more. If you listen to the motor from the outside, it sounds right – uterine, low, a little ominous, and very exciting. But there’s no sound inside. Most likely, it’s the “noise”, which strangely cuts off the low frequencies, letting in only the absurd squeak in the cabin. And it seems that in front of you there are not five and a half liters of Western luxury, but two liters of Eastern technology. It’s even a shame, by God.

Parking mode of the car park is not available. There is a neutral, drive mode (which is marked not as D, but as Dr), Low mode (first gear) and R mode. Therefore, before driving, it is necessary to remove the car from a parking brake for what the handle at the left hand should be turned aside and released. Now turn on the “Dr” and let’s go!

Let’s be honest: it is impossible to “drive” like this. Still, 170 hp and 2.8 tons of weight are never a sports car. Yes, on the first gear it is possible even to polish with wheels wet asphalt. But Caddy, in general, doesn’t care about it. Wheels can throw out from under themselves even the whole layers of asphalt, the heavy car will touch quietly anyway. Maybe our tires are to blame, maybe – road conditions. It wouldn’t be fair to call this Fleetwood a “vegetable,” but he deserves the title of phlegmatic guy. For example, let’s take a little shit.

So, the start we get outwardly spectacular, but actually not the fastest. Now let’s try to turn around abruptly by giving gas. The back axis, as it should be, goes into a skid, but … But inside this stupid maneuver is felt only on a little gone trajectory. There is no screeching of tyres, an overwhelming heel, which you expect from a heavy limousine. Here the weight works and up to strange good noise isolation. The way out of the skidding, the gas in the floor – and nothing … Already in the second gear Fleetwood tries to behave as a pathos limousine, not a sports car. And he does it. There is no kickdown, so to get out of the way, you need to slow down to a minimum to start the first gear, and then press the gas. And only then it will be possible to leave quickly. Just in case, I will notice that “to leave quickly” is on the scale of today. For 1953, it was incredibly fast, instantaneous.

And now we will travel in a normal mode.

At the moment of gear shifting the shocks are still noticeable, but not critical. But the algorithm of ACS operation differs greatly from modern algorithms. When switching upwards, everything is predictable, but when switching downwards, it is not always clear what kind of gear the automaton will put in. More precisely, it is always unclear. There is no tachometer in the car, the box switches down inconspicuously, so it is impossible to predict how the car will respond to the subsequent pressing of the gas pedal after the speed is reset. Maybe it will tear forward, or maybe it will start to gain speed barely. The whole story reminds me of the good old West with AMT of the first year of production. The same damn thing, only with the “crawling” mode of ACP.

Surprisingly, but in the Cadillac there is no such feeling of retro, which is given by many post-war vehicles of this class: tightness behind the wheel, swelling, desire to leave the trajectory on a straight line, inaccuracy of heavy steering. Here everything is different. In his time, this Fleetwood really was on the front of the hull for many of his contemporaries. The steering is not only light thanks to the power steering, but also quite accurate. Though, as modern observers like to say about modern cars, “in a near-zero zone of a steering wheel not informative” – there is such business. In the corners of the Cadillac also follows the turn of the steering wheel very accurately.

The engine with the box is mounted on the X-shaped frame through the thick rubber supports, so there is almost no vibration.

What Fleetwood lacks is good braking and vision. The brakes are drummed and can even start the car in the yuzzle. But the effort on the pedals is very large, and the reaction to the press is again difficult to guess. The pedal as if rests against a brick, but it does not mean that it is useless to press it. On the contrary, just after the “brick” brakes start working. It is impossible to calculate the effort, you just need to press the pedal at random. In the end, the Cadillac will stop after all, but it is likely that it will do so later than it would be desirable. It’s especially disappointing that the automatic transmission does not allow you to brake with the engine, so the drawbacks of brakes seem much more significant. Now let’s move on to the review.

What can I say: the hood cannot be short with a car length of six meters. Worse than that it is unrealistic to estimate dimensions: a mascot in the form of a goddess of speed with a waving shawl helps out a little, but here edges of front wings are not visible.

Rear-view mirrors then too have not yet learned to do. Looking in salon, it is possible only to paint sponges (though it is not exact, I did not try), and that which stands on a rack of a driver’s door, it is necessary only for beauty – on its case there is an engraving with an emblem of the Cadillac. You can only see in it a piece of board and a little bit of something behind it, which is absolutely not enough for safe driving. In the garage, I was only able to drive the car in reverse with the owner’s prompts, waving at me energetically (and sometimes panically) from the outside. And then I figured out how to get out of Caddy more than once: to open the door from the inside, you don’t have to pull or turn the handle, but move it back.

*  * *

As I said, the next fifth generation of Fleetwood 75 of 1954 was not so much a revolutionary as an evolutionary generation, resulting from the constant modernization of the previous generation. In principle, our fourth generation differed from the previous generation only in more modern design and the presence of ACP.

Americans, constantly changing equipment and some elements, remained true to their conservative views. Judge for yourself: the same platform GM D-platform (or simply D-body, D-cooses), on which this Fleetwood is built, existed from 1936 to 1976. Forty years! In 1977, the platform was greatly reduced, which was due to changes in U.S. law, and it ceased to exist as a classic GM D-platform. In 1985, the limousines were moved to a smaller C-platform.  The original D-platform, on which ten (!) generations of Cadillac limousines were built, was not at all. And two years later, the production of the 75 series was finally stopped, which led to the closure of the era of limousines Cadillac.

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Nissan GT-R 2017. Test drive of a new Japanese

 

Nissan GT-R 2017 model year is something! If the last time a man had his palms sweating, when he returned from school, secretly watched films about dastish fiction, and his legs bent only from food poisoning, it means – he has not yet ridden in a supercar Nissan GT-R

Nissan GT-R

Nissan GT-R

Already at a sight of powerful sports Nissan GT-R 2017, the hearts of connoisseurs of Nissan brand and potential racers begin to beat frantically. The person who opened the door of the monster for the first time feels that he falls into something like a “bucket”, it seems that Nissan GT R is practically lying on the asphalt with its belly. Having started the engine with a button, you feel – hair starts to move on your head, in the new Nissan GT R it is felt even by those whose top shines like a billiard ball. Doesn’t it scare you, do you want a big adventure with Nissan in half with horrors, cosmic overloads? Go ahead – try out the handsome Nissan GT-R!

The first trip on Nissan GT-R will be much cooler

It is not necessary to lose pleasure, having switched a gearbox in a mode Drive, only having sat down behind a wheel of Nissan GT-R, it is better to practice with a gas pedal, causing at new Nissan formidable roar, to remove the environment frightened by a loud roar of the engine in 555 horsepowers by a mobile phone. The effect can vary, from a lightning bolt of escape from the scene to a tight ring of admired observers around Nissan GTR exclaiming “more or less! Be sure – countless views and likes of the Nissan GT-R tested by you in the world’s most fashionable social network Instagram are guaranteed by pressing a couple of times the “nut”, the brave man behind the wheel of the Nissan GTR 2017 will get a frightened and delighted squeal of girls and a minute of fame

Nissan GT-R: Horizontal racing

Pressing the gas, in 2.8 seconds you accelerate the Nissan GT-R up to 100 km/h. It feels like it happens faster. Sobbing with surprise and surprise girlfriend, squeezing her spine into the back of the front passenger seat, with her voice drowned out the roar of the engine of a supercar Nissan, similar to the roar of aircraft turbines.

At acceleration of Nissan GT-R up to 200 km/h, testosterone goes off the scale at the driver. Nissan passengers are girls? The smell of women’s perfume has a chance to change the smell of children’s surprise. Did you manage to shout out the roar of the Nissan GT-R engine and the sound of Bose glass rattling from the power of the sound, begging the person sitting at the helm to slow down? There is no mercy to see – the driver of monster Nissan GT-R in a new body has already felt the taste, the speedometer shooter has passed for the third hundred

 

New Nissan GT-R is nothing but subordination and frightening of the fair sex representatives, as well as of the one who sits behind the wheel: to drive, to own a car, to subordinate Nissan GT-R – a lover of hardcore! The leg has grown into an accelerator, the stomach stuck to a back at furious speed. Truly, driving Nissan GT-R is drive, high, feeling of absolute freedom!

Those who have changed their sex, find their emotions in cocaine, and others in Mercedes-AMG races, which run from a place up to a hundred kilometers in 3 seconds, but nothing compares to the feeling of driving a Nissan GT-R

Meteor, a beast in the iron appearance, Nissan GT-R will not tolerate almonds, style – gas to the floor, turning the wheel – not smoothly – aggressively: riding on the Nissan GT-R will charge an indescribable energy, enter into the ecstasy of the driver and his companions, activation of the R mode, perhaps, will make you change pants. Nissan GT-R cannot help but like, admire, drive mad and wish to merge with it

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Toyota Auris 2019 in the new body: equipment, photos

 

Toyota Auris is a small family car that Toyota has been manufacturing since the beginning of 2006. It was placed on the platform of its predecessor Corolla, which competes with today. A car of this brand, both new and used, of older years, can be selected and ordered from Order Cars From Japan Auctions

общий вид

This model was designed for European motorists, but it is produced not only in Europe, but also in Turkey, England and Japan. The car turned out to be quite spacious and comfortable, as well as, having a minimum level of vibration, surprisingly quiet.

The five-door hatchback working on the front drive is a typical family car, which deserves extremely positive feedback from the owners of the relevant contingent of people.

It is important to note that while the performance and appearance of the 2019 Toyota Auris is praised by both car enthusiasts and professional critics, its technical performance is poor. However, throwing away the technical nuances, you can enjoy the impressive external data of the car in the new body through photos and videos on the Internet.

Design

The main thing that should be given special attention is not the technical characteristics, but the design and integrated design ideas of the new Toyota Auris. The machine has undergone both external and internal modernization, having received, in addition, a considerable number of electronic additions and various extensions. Each installed addition has found its own consumer and received positive feedback individually.

Bodywork

The appearance of the new car is a clear reference to another car of the same Japanese brand, which once was a subclass of this car. The original prototype of the Auriz model was the well-known Toyota Korolla. However, in contrast to its predecessor, the new car received unique details. Having studied the photo you can make your opinion about the new car.

вид спереди

The main noteworthy features of Toyota Auris can be rightfully attributed:

  • the backlit headlights;
  • miniature radiator grille;
  • bumper with a low seat, which has an unusual shape with many curves;
  • fog lights located at the edges of the bumper;
  • streamlined, but at the same time clearly shaped, side mirrors with electronic regulators;
  • The rear part of the car is decorated with a wide luggage compartment lid;
  • All optics on the car is equipped with LED glow, regardless of equipment.

Among all sorts of other nuances, we can note the size of the new car. Compared to previous generations, the car, which is surprising for the modern hatchback, has decreased in size. Thus, the new car has:

  • The length is 3980 mm;
  • The width is 1695 mm;
  • height – 1475 mm;
  • Clearance – 155 mm;
  • wheelbase – 2510 mm.

Among other things, the volume of the trunk of the car in the new body increased to 360 liters, with the possibility of large-scale expansion by folding the rear row of passenger seats. The dimensions of the Toyota Auris can be studied by means of appropriate photos.

Showroom

Spacious salon Toyota Auris model 2019 is distinguished by high comfort and excellent ergonomics. The convenient location of the controls makes for a comfortable journey, even over long distances. In the photo you can see all the details.

салон

The main features of the new car interior, equally, are such aspects as:

  • with rigid seating arrangements, capable of taking on different, human-friendly positions;
  • Elegant infotainment touch screen display;
  • Dashboard and controls made of high quality leather;
  • air-conditioning system;
  • Dual range steering column adjustment;
  • Powerful steering rod;
  • The dashboard’s high definition cross sections are on the dashboard indicators.

Toyota Auris has excellent reviews from owners, as he is pleased with the thoughtful design and excellent equipment. Each nuance can be studied by means of photos on the Internet.

Prices and equipment

The new Toyota Auris’s equipment and prices are directly related to each other. The manufacturer has announced that the price of the new car in European countries will range from $18 thousand to $25 thousand.

It is important to note that the modifications, which are not the basic version, have approximately the same capacity as the top model. However, the maximum number of additional functions in the assembly is significantly increased, compared to all other modifications, because of which prices are very different.

In the 2019 Auris model year, the price and equipment predetermine the presence or absence of any additional features, as well as some elements of the exterior and interior. Photos of the maximum and minimum assembly allow you to clearly see the difference.

максимальная комплектация

After restyling, the model received climate control, anti-lock system, air conditioning and many other additions. However, due to the right equipment, the car will not be inferior to the leaders of the world car market.

Technical characteristics
Suspension and driveability

Thanks to the rigid suspension Toyota Auris fully meets the needs and condition of domestic roads. The car perfectly works out all irregularities. Therefore, even on an uneven road the driver and passengers can feel quite comfortable.

For the front suspension technology MacPherson is used, which is known for the fact that the basis of its design are shock absorber racks. The inclination of the suspension legs is very important to ensure a smooth ride. In Auris this indicator is calculated rather correctly, therefore to its owners it is not necessary to complain that each bump is felt at driving on rough road. However, such suspension is a little bit difficult and expensive in service. But at Toyota it is known enough good reliability even in severe Russian conditions. The rear suspension of the car is semi-dependent.

Initially Auris was equipped with a torsion beam. However, later it was replaced by a multilever suspension, which perfectly suits to energetic, miniature hatchback. Clearance and pendant can be seen on the corresponding photos on the Internet. It should be noted that the clearance is very low and is only 14 cm. Therefore, the car is ideal only for trips around the city and the highway. It will seem low and uncomfortable for traveling out of town.

подвеска

Engine

The vehicle is available with several different engine variants, each of which is fully compliant with European environmental standards. The most notable among them are the following versions.

Gasoline 1.2-liter engine with such characteristics:

  • The power output is 116 hp;
  • The torque is 185 Nm;
  • Mixed fuel consumption is 5.4 liters;
  • Acceleration to 100 km/h – 12.6 seconds.

Diesel 1.6-liter engine with the following indicators:

  • Power – 112 hp;
  • Torque – 270 Nm;
  • mixed fuel consumption – 5.7 liters;
  • Acceleration up to 100 km/h – 11.1 seconds.

For Toyota Auris the reviews of the owners are unambiguous, the car has high reliability, safety and comfort. The engine, as well as other cars of the series, looks brutal, as evidenced by the photo.

Important features of the new car can include such technical characteristics as:

  • Excellent engine soundproofing, which removes unnecessary noise while driving;
  • a level of safety that achieves the highest possible score in its segment;
  • The car’s suspension is designed in such a way that there is almost no discomfort on a bumpy road.

Among other things, the technical specifications concerning external aspects are also at the highest level. Thus, high ground clearance, relatively small size, a huge transformable luggage compartment, LED headlights, low prices and other nuances make the car one of the most desirable in the automotive market.