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Experience of ownership of the 407th Moskvich in 1960

 

  • The owner is Pavel Grigoriev (left), a 32-year-old Muscovite, who works in the construction industry.
    The car is a Moskvich-407, 45 horsepower, manufactured in 1960, in almost stock condition; it was purchased for 150 000 rubles.

    Pavel told us the story of his “four hundred and seven”.

    – I have been interested in old Soviet cars for a long time, and my friends have a similar hobby. A year ago, my friend and I were towing the old Moskvich we bought a year ago after he was registered. At the traffic lights we were called out by the driver of a fresh Prado and wondered if we are interested in other domestic old timers? It turned out that the man had been collecting such cars for some time, and then his enthusiasm faded, and he wanted the collection to get into good hands. We contracted to help put his car park on the move for sale (cars 15 years stood in the garage without leaving – there were Victory, Volga, Moskvichi, Chaika, the disabled “Morgunovka”, etc.), and the well-preserved Moskvich-407 I bought myself.

    For the car with mileage of 45,000 kilometers and with the body, which clearly did not see the winter, gave 150,000 rubles. Is it expensive or cheap? Such cars have specific pricing… In principle, this copy is quite a normal price. However, such a car can still be purchased for several thousand, and even for nothing.  For example, I bought my Volga GAZ-24 like this. A neighbor from the country house suddenly came up and asked if I needed the Volga? And I sold it on the 24th of 1985 in excellent condition of garage storage for 35 thousand rubles…

    Quite a workable tactic – to monitor bulletin boards, where very different prices for the same machine of a similar condition. Sometimes grandfather asks his grandchildren to sell, and the young people who have gone away put a crowbar value, but sometimes they also sell at a symbolic price, as long as it is urgent to release the garage. You can go for a ride around the cities outside of Moscow – to visit garage cooperatives, watch, ask. Sometimes in garages under a layer of dust and mountains of garbage there are excellent copies for very small money. Sometimes, of course, the car is of little use for recovery (rotten or undocumented), but then the greatest value is the accompanying junk.

    My friend, the owner of a similar Moskvicha-407, somehow bought for 10,000 rubles another “donor” in poor condition, which was attached literally two Gazelles new and old spare parts. All this cost ridiculous money, as people were clearing the garage and just getting rid of the old iron.

    Outside

    The color of the sea wave is gorgeous for this old man, although, as any car of that era, “four hundred and seven” most go two-color “livery”, in which they were painted when sold for export. The 407th was not called “Stylagoy” for nothing by the people! This Muscovite is the 21-st Volga in miniature. It is no worse than the last one in terms of harmony of appearance, although it is undeservedly less popular today – around it, unfortunately, has not yet formed such a neo-retro-cult, as around the “car with a deer”.

    Chromed moldings, bumpers, hoods, external boot hinges, frames of lanterns and other shining elements give the appearance of the car completeness and elegance. Well, the swift and bright flag with a star on the hood, in my opinion, is not inferior to the deer in anything!

    Inside

    The solid sofa in front had a folding backrest, which was laid out on the same level as the back seat and formed a large sleeping place motivating to… no, not to what you thought about (though…), but to the wild car tourism, which was encouraged at that time at the state level (from the development of a network of camping sites to the release of films like “3+2”). The back sofa is spacious enough for two due to the small trunk, but the car is still too narrow for three.

    About the dashboard it could be said that it is “in the style of a Mini”, if the 407th did not appear a year earlier than the British small car. Right in front of the driver is a large speedometer, and to the left and right of it there are four classic pointers – indicators of fuel level, oil temperature, water and ammeter. On the left and above in the corner of the torpedo there was a strange red light, looking like a collective farm refinement. But this is the original standard indicator of turning on the turntables, for some reason installed so deliberately and asymmetrically. Actually, a white plastic lever protruding vertically from the steering column in the foreground is the switch of turn signals. Very, I must say, uncomfortable and ergonomic.

  • The interior of the car (except for the dissonance old mat on the floor, independently laid by the previous owners, as was customary in Soviet times) is luxuriously echoed with the color of the body and visually slightly increases the modest interior space! In the modern car industry such harmony can be found only in the premium class, for which a choice of colors and varieties of finishing materials is available. Everyone else has to be content with the gloomy grey-blackness.

The control lever is also on the steering column. The curve handle indicates the presence of a 4-speed gearbox, as the earlier 3-speed handle was straight. Arc of thick nickel-plated wire under the handlebar is a clackson switch, the signal will be triggered by pulling it towards you. Unused – very uncomfortable.

It’s funny that in this perspective, the steering column resembles a dynamic and upwardly aspiring propeller plane like the I-16 fighter! Maybe that’s the way it was supposed to be?

The steering wheel of the car (both visible needles and the rim hidden under the decorative cover) looks like cracked wood. Actually, it is not wood, of course, but an ancient variety of plastics – halalites. “Polymers”, made on the basis of organic fillers (bone meal, cellulose, etc.), eventually collapsed with a characteristic cracking. However, there was no risk of detachment of the “lamb” – inside the plastic parts there is a metal frame.

L-shaped poker with an aluminum handle protruding to the right of the handlebar is a handbrake.

Iron

Under the hood of Moskvich is a 1.4-liter engine with a single-chamber carburetor K-125D. The engine gives out modest 45 forces at 4500 rpm, and its exhaust goes through a thin silencer which can be plugged with an index finger! However, for the budget small car of that era such characteristics were in the order of things. Let’s say more – this motor replaced the 35-strong one, so that progress is evident!

As in any “old man”, in the 407th there are a lot of curious for the modern car owner technical strangeness, which in the days of our grandfathers were considered ordinary and ordinary.

For example, here is a thick cable coming from the engine block through the engine shield somewhere in the cabin. It’s… a janitor’s drive! Instead of a separate electric motor, the torque to the wiper system directly feeds the engine camshaft. The cylinder block has a small “power take-off shaft” (essentially identical to what drives a tamper switch), and a flexible “bowden” leaves the cabin. The cable rotates constantly, and when the driver needs to turn on the wipers, he closes the tiny clutch with a small handle – a kind of “micro-clutch”, giving the torque to the trapeze of wipers! Such a system can cause a brain explosion in a modern car owner! Not only that the wipers can not be turned on until the engine is running, but also the speed of their movement on the windshield directly depends on its speed! Has the rain or snow increased? Give me the gas!

And this tiny tin can is the tank of the master brake cylinder. The brake system was single-circuit, and if there was a loss of tightness at some point in the brake system disappeared completely on all wheels. Alas, for those years it was the norm – including in the foreign car industry.

The clutch on the 407th and, by the way, does not have a hydraulic drive – from pedal to backstage are rigid traction.

At the bottom of the cylinder block, almost at the pallet, the engine is screwed to a metal “cube” with a handle that resembles a crane. It is… an oil filter of coarse, pre-cleaning, which traps particles larger than 0.07-0.08 mm. And the handle is a means of cleaning the filter itself! It can be used to turn the axle on which the filter plates with holes alternating with the fixed plates are placed. Approximately once in a thousand kilometers, the motorist was recommended to manually twist the handle back and forth, moving one plate relative to the other, after which the dirt, stuck in their holes, fell into the sump.

There is also an oil filter, but a more traditional system in the form of a collapsible aluminum glass with a tubular replacement element made of paper. But it is the so-called “incomplete flow”. Not all the oil that is pumped by the engine passes through it, but only a small part of it, which is taken out through the bypass, is about a quarter of the total volume. This design was later universally recognized as imperfect and replaced by a full-flow engine, in which coarse filtration is carried out by a mesh at the inlet of the oil pump, and all the oil passes through the fine filter.

In modern machines, the generator produces 100-120 amperes. And here at Moskvich it gave out a maximum … 20 amperes, and that “in a jump”! Put such a generator on any modern car – it will barely suffice to simply power up the electronics needed for the engine! Turn on the heater or headlights – and the generator, consider it not: in fact, we will go on the battery, until it is discharged, and the engine will not stall. However, the old Muscovite with his extremely poor and low-power electrical equipment with such a generator managed to drive.

The part with a glass cap is a gasoline pump. The hood is removable, it is a lid of a settling tank, through which transparent glass is visible pollution and in general the presence or absence of gasoline in the system (by the way, the position of the glass hood is correct, it is not turned over!)

Interestingly, the cap has a flat edge on the top and is able to stand vertically on the table like a glass. And, of course, to play the role of a shot! Advanced motorists with experience sometimes kept in the garage “set” of several such glass caps – to consume alcoholic drinks from them was considered a special driver’s chic!

On the move.

In general, it is possible to get behind the wheel of a close-knit car with considerable height and excess weight without much difficulty. Everything at first seems awkward and awkward – hands are automatically trying to feel the switch, handbrake, gearbox handle where they are not. The gearbox is, by the way, very friendly, its stroke is rather short and clear, and the algorithm is the same as on modern cars: the first one is on itself and upwards, the second one is on itself and downwards, the third one is just upwards, the fourth one is downwards, and the back one is downwards. The clutch, to which the pedal is tight, responds to pressing a few “wooden” – the smoothness of the hydraulic drive or at least a cable, as on the front-drive VAZs and Moskvichi, where there is a friction of plastic on the plastic, the left pedal 407-th no.

Simple single-chamber carburetor, being debugged on pair with a tamper, surprisingly easily starts the engine and keeps idle speed. And here on gas reacts so to itself, with jams – between a flap and a pedal intermediates and a cable with the dried up greasing, and some lever rods which joints obviously need to be washed out and missed anew.

I touch, maneuver, mastering the control, and note an interesting feature: the central hub of a thin and “weakly wavy” (not for its chic wrapped in leather, but for convenience!) rudder strongly protrudes outward, despite the fact that even the signal key is not in it. Therefore, when the steering wheel is active, the hub constantly touches the hands when they cross the centre of the “barn”. Simply put, if the rim of the modern steering wheel is as if “turned” towards the driver, this one is in the opposite direction. It is inconvenient.

We drive out on the highway, having been tormented in traffic jams – with the handle of the box on the steering wheel the right hand strains much more strongly, than with the handle on the central tunnel where the hand manages to rest if not on an armrest, then at least on a knee. It may seem that the car will finally give the driver a break from the constant switching, alternating with the creepy cotton brakes in front of other people’s bumpers, because it confidently pulls under a hundred km / h, allowing even 10-15 kilometers to add to the rare attempts to overtake trucks.

However, “confidently pulls” does not mean “confidently drives”! The 407th is very sensitive to rutting – both because of the high profile of the old standard rubber M-59, and because of the narrow bodywork. Track of our veteran (1220 mm) centimeters on twenty tracks of modern cars, and in asphalt grooves Moskvich with its decent backlash of a steering wheel and a swath suspension constantly makes the driver feel on a tiller of the motor boat gliding on “meanders” of the narrow winding river.

Model history

In the history of the plant “Moskvich” (let’s denote it this way, without going into the transformation of the name in different years), it is worth noting the four main stages that are characteristic of a certain recognizable design of the bodywork.

The first stage is the 40-50s and the Muscovites models 400-401, built on the basis of the pre-war Opel Cadet with huge blown front wings and the nose – “icebreaker”.
The second – 50-60th years and Moskvichi models 402-407-403, conditionally speaking, similar in style to the compact 21-nd Volga. This is just the generation of the car presented in our review.
The third – 60-80th years and a ruler, if it is possible to put it so to say, “gigule-like Muscovites” – models 408-412-2140.
And the fourth, final stage, which the plant, unfortunately, did not survive – 80-90s, front-drive hatchback model 2141 and agonizing agony of its modifications.

For eight years from 1956 to 1964, the ZMA plant (actually, it is a shortened version of the MZMA – the Moscow Plant of Small Cars) produced three models, which were actually the evolution of one and changed insignificantly externally. Moskvich-402 was the first to appear – in 1956. Two years later Moskvich-407 appeared – it received a new modern overhead valve engine with an increased volume and power of 45 hp instead of 35, and a year later found a 4-speed gearbox instead of a three-speed one. And in 1962 Moskvich-403 came out – it was essentially the same 407th, but with a pendant from the future Moskvich-408, already completely different on the body of the car, representing the next, third stage. For eight years of production on the ZMA produced a total of more than 400 thousand pieces of models 402, 403 and 407, making this car truly popular.

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Gray shades and hedonist path: Kia Ceed and Mazda 3 comparative test drive

Market and sales

The first months of sales of the new Mazda 3 in Russia confirmed the niche status of this model, which was slipped into by its predecessor after the 2015 crisis, when the prices for imported cars crawled up and the market – down. From January to September of this year, only 653 ‘troikas’ were sold, and the fifth-generation cars, which began to arrive at dealers in early summer, did not improve dynamics. On the contrary: if at the beginning of the year the old “troikas” remaining in the warehouses found more than a hundred buyers per month, now – 50-60. However, let’s not rush to conclusions, it is necessary to let the new Mazda 3 live in Russia at least one full year.

Localized on Avtotore and, as a consequence, cheaper Kia Ceed of the current third generation is much more popular than Mazda: during the first three quarters of this year 13 018 copies were sold. It is better to sell only Skoda Octavia in the C-class – 17,313 pieces, which is considered to be a premium model by Russians, which causes astonishment even in the headquarters of the Czech brand, not to mention the competitors unfairly neglected by the consumer like Citroen C4 and Peugeot 408 of the Kaluga assembly. Even quite attractively priced imported hatchback VW Golf does not attract Russians: only 884 pieces were sold during nine months of this year. – It seems that many people just don’t know that since autumn 2018 this model is officially available in our country again.

Dynamics

Golf I mentioned for a reason: all week driving a Ceed I involuntarily remembered a “German” who was clearly a reference model for Kia engineers. The power unit of the test car is typically Volkswagen in both configuration and behavior. The combination of a 1.4-liter gasoline turbocharger with an output of 140 hp and a 7-speed dual-clutch “automatic” is perfect for driving on highways, but in the city it requires a certain addiction.

For example, when the Ceed is tapped into the traffic jam too slowly after moving off without turning to the gas pedal, so that somebody tries to squeeze in the window between it and the car in front of it all the time. As a result, you have to constantly adjust the car with an accelerator, but the corresponding pedal has too much free movement: just pressed – nothing, just pressed – nothing again, and when you press it properly, there is a jerk. This makes the ride somewhat torn and uncomfortable, especially for passengers.

Kia Ceed 1.4 T-GDI 7DCT Premium+

140 hp at 6000 rpm, 242 Nm at 1500-3200 rpm

Ground clearance – 150 mm Trunk volume – 395 to 1291 l

If the traffic jam is pulled up the overpass so that the Ced does not roll down, it is better to activate the Auto Hold mode of the electromechanical parking brake in advance. But to get off the ground in this case, you will always have to put pressure on the gas and tolerate small pecking marks when you release the handbrake.

Mazdovsky duo of 150-powered “atmospheric” Skyactiv-G and 6-stage hydromechanical automatic control gear, it would seem, should work more harmoniously by definition, but also here, unfortunately, unpleasant nuances were found out. Releasing a brake, we receive confident movement forward – in “dead” jam to tighten Mazda to the next cars it is more convenient. But as soon as the stream starts to go faster and it is necessary to press the gas, the box of “three” can burst out even after a slight stroking of the accelerator pedal – such zeal is not always appropriate and tires when driving around the city.

Мотор Mazda 3

Such a “live” setting, by the way, makes the sports mode of the box meaningless, at least on our flat roads: the response to gas is always very sensitive. Because of this feature, Mazda is subjectively perceived as a more dynamic car than Ceed, although their acceleration time to the “hundred” is almost identical – 9.3 and 9.2 seconds, respectively.

Steerability and smoothness

Ceed chassis settings also carefully repeats Golf: it has a good balance between smoothness of running and controllability, full multilever rear suspension, it confidently stands on the arc, even if under the wheels of broken asphalt or large transverse sutures of the Moscow TTC overpass. But the reactive force on a steering wheel floats all the time, and it is a little confusing. At first I thought that the lane holding system, which with the help of electric amplifier returns the car “on the right way”, is to blame, but also after its deactivation of the “festivities” of the steering continued.

Kia Ceed
Kia Ceed
Kia Ceed

In Mazda, the steering is better adjusted, the feedback is cleaner, the responses are more accurate. The change of the multilever rear suspension to a semi-independent one with a torsion beam, fortunately, has not affected the course stability in any way – in this sense, Japanese engineers have reached the level of French colleagues, whose cars with a rear beam ride better than other competitors with a multilever.

Mazda 3 2.0 Skyactiv-G 6AT Active

150 hp at 6000 rpm, 213 hp at 4000 rpm

Ground clearance – 135 mm Trunk volume – from 295 to 1026 l

But in terms of smooth running the new “troika”, unfortunately, is inferior to both the French and Kia. At the already mentioned seams of the Mazda 3 TTK overpasses, though it does not jump off the trajectory, but flinches with the whole body so much that you unwittingly lose the speed and slow down the flow. Through the lying policemen you need to roll over sneak around, otherwise you won’t get past the hard blows. Only with microroughnesses the suspension cops well, that is to receive pleasure from fast driving on it it is possible only on qualitative roads.

And whether there is a pleasure? Let’s put it this way, it is specific, Scandinavian – I already mentioned it in the premiere test. Those who love old Saab and Volvo will understand me. Mazda 3 does not provoke the driver to aggressive driving, but gives pleasure from meditative and thus fast moving in space.

Noise insulation and sound

It’s accurate, obedient, patient and incredibly quiet – the quietest Mazda I’ve ever driven, including the CX-9 flagship. When there’s good asphalt under the wheels, it’s hard to imagine a more assembled and finely tuned C-Class car. Even the “French”, whom I love for their enveloping softness combined with the refined chassis, do not give at the speed of such a sense of confidence and harmony as Mazda 3 – and this, in my opinion, is the most weighty of her applications for the hit of the premium segment.

Kia Ceed goes coarser and much louder: after 100 km/h the saloon is filled with a pressing aerodynamic rumble, but if you like to listen to music loudly, it is not a problem. The Premium+ kit includes a very decent JBL audio system with seven loudspeakers and a subwoofer in the trunk. It perfectly reproduces simple dance music with deep basses, but badly conveys depth and shades of more difficult ambient songs – they are better to listen in Mazda.

Kia Ceed

The new troika’s in-house acoustics are probably the best for their own money: the bass drivers are not located here in the doors, but in special niches near the front wheel arches, making the sound more natural. Plus wide possibilities for tuning (13-band equalizer!), juicy transfer of middle and high frequencies, moderate “convexity” of basses.

Kia Ceed 1.4 T-GDI 7DCT Premium+

Acceleration from 0 to 100 km/h – 9.2 s Maximum speed – 205 km/h

Price: RUB 1,579,900

Mazda music lovers will also love the ability to quickly navigate the tracks using the rotary pusher on the centre console – it keeps their eyes on the road almost intact. To the right of the washer is a small volume control, which is much more convenient to use than the buttons on the steering wheel – it is literally always at hand, leaning on the central armrest. But an additional UBS-port (the main one is under the armrest cover) under the climate control unit for music is not suitable: when the flash drive loses contact and playback is interrupted – another minus too hard suspension.

Mazda 3

Interior and options

Mazda’s climate control works strangely. You put out +22 to warm up in a cold morning, and pretty soon you get it in the salon in Tashkent. You reduce the temperature by two degrees – it’s still hot. You put +18 – it’s hot! Only having reduced value to +17, it is possible to receive more or less comfortable atmosphere. Kia works better in this respect: it has put up +22 once and forgotten about climate control – it is necessary to address to the block only to switch on heating of armchairs, steering wheel and windshield. The steering wheel in Kia is heated all around the rim, not only in the main grip areas, like in Mazda. Full heating of windshield “Japanese” does not offer at all – only a zone of rest of janitors is heated.

But the most strange and unpleasant feature of the test Mazda is the absence of parking sensors and rear view cameras (they appear only in the most expensive equipment Supreme). Without them, the parallel parking of Mazda becomes a torment: due to the compartment stern and thick rear posts it is almost impossible to adequately assess the situation behind the car, and the luggage door glass is very small. Fortunately, there are no problems with visibility in front of the car.

The simple to look like a fabric Mazda armchair was very convenient: it perfectly distributes the load on the back and legs, despite the lack of adjustment of lumbar support. Instead of the last one, Mazda offers a mechanical tilt adjustment of the pillow, which I personally find much more useful than the infusible roller behind the back.

In Kia, on the other hand, it’s the other way around: the tilt cushion is not adjustable, and the lumbar support is adjusted in two planes at once by means of an electric drive. The result is a backache after an hour and a half driving. I have to sit in Kia lower than I would like to because the top edge of the cushion is too much blown out. The upper segments of the speedometer and tachometer scales are still covered by the rudder rim.

Kia Ceed interior

The configuration of the Ceed dashboard is also completely “stolen” from Golf – laconic, but boring. In Mazda, the shield is more interesting, with a drawn on the screen, but photorealistic central speedometer. The risks change from white to red depending on the current speed limit, and the excess is clearly displayed in the form of a red segment of the scale – in my opinion, this is the most harmonious application of digital technology in the ergonomics of the shield that I have seen.

Mazda 3 2.0 Skyactiv-G 6AT Active

Acceleration from 0 to 100 km/h – 9.3 s Maximum speed – 213 km/h

The quality of the finishing materials in Mazda is higher than in Kia, which justifies a higher price in this respect, but the black glossy plastic inserts in the central tunnel and in the door cards are a nightmare: in both cars they are hopelessly scratched after several journalistic tests. In addition, Kia always has a fingerprint screen of the multimedia system, while in Mazda there is no sense in touching it – all control is tied to the washer and hot keys on the spokes of the steering wheel.

The rear seats are definitely more comfortable in Kia: there is more space in all directions, there is a two-stage heating and individual ducts in the center. Mazda 3 from the position of the rear passenger does not reach the standards of C-class, here it is crowded and dark, and I would consider the “three” as a four-door coupe with the boarding formula 2+2 – it would be more honest and correct. Mazda’s trunk is 100 litres smaller than Kia’s, but the possibilities of transformation are identical, and under the floor there is only a narrow rolling stock.

Fuel consumption

In Mazda’s test, it was slightly more than ten litres per 100 km, in Kia it was slightly less than ten litres per 100 km. I remember in Serbia, where I first got acquainted with the new “troika”, the 2.0-liter version of the onboard computer recorded an incredible 6.5 liters per “hundred”, but there were no hellish traffic jams in Moscow.

Perhaps, if in the Russian specification Mazda 3 was equipped with the system of stop&start, the consumption would be lower, but I am, to be honest, glad that it is not there – it always irritated me, and the engine’s constant shutdown affects negatively.

What did you end up with?

The winner of this test has been determined by the market for a long time: Kia Ceed is a more reasonable purchase, because it is a more universal and suitable for Russia car than Mazda3. I can’t imagine how to drive on the “three” with its small road clearance, long front overhang and low-lying false radiator grille in winter – it’s just a pity about the car! But in summer, yes, by dry land, yes, on a good road to drive a Mazda long and far … Enjoy the landscape, good music, a loved one on the next seat and the admiration of others. Personally to me another’s attention is not necessary to me, I simply ascertain the fact: the new “three” at the expense of specific proportions and difficult plastic sidewalls attracts a sight – it conceded way even drivers of sports cars Porsche (not crossovers) to admire simply, and already owners 911th know the sense in style.

Nobody looks at Kia Ceed and nobody misses it, for Moscow it is the mediocrity and greyness, despite of rather bright blue color of a concrete specimen. Ceed is a function of a car, although it can give a lot of joy from driving and owning it.

To buy a Mazda it is necessary that pleasure was the main priority, and pleasure is not boyish, as at former “three”, but adult, weighed. Intellectual, if you want. It is clear that the market is governed not by hedonism, but by much more pragmatic considerations. That’s why Kia is ahead, and the poorer the Russians become, the more Kia and less Mazda will be on the roads. So far, this has been the case.

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Toyota Land Cruiser 200 2019

 

Despite the fact that this model first appeared in 2007, despite the changes, the car has not lost its zest. Toyota Land Cruiser 200 is a real legend, about which we will talk below, we will discuss that all the same it has been affected during the change of generation that was updated after restyling in 2012 and 2015.

After all, the new body, as a matter of fact, did not try on, the outlines were adjusted only by separate decorative parts. In addition, at the end of you expect a detailed test drive.

Toyota Land Cruiser 200 дизайн

Exterior

The new Toyota SUV Land Cruiser 200, which came to us in 2015, was slightly redesigned in front, it was expressed in a simply different grille, and revised bumper. The rest of the way, the design stays true to tradition, except for some single moments on the body.

For the restyled Kruzak, the front end, as already mentioned, was fitted with a grille and bumper. Despite noticeable changes, the optics remains the same, except for the appearance of other stuffing.

The grille resembles classic American jeeps, in particular Dodge with their corporate style. Most likely, the last restyling was done with a focus on the American market. The most presentable appearance of Toyota Land Cruiser 200 creates the Executive Black version, in which partly changes the chrome to black.

Tuning Toyota Land model Cruiser 200 touched the side, where they were able to offer a different tripod. And the changes touched not only the externally adjusted forms, but also the technical part. After all, it is not uncommon for this particular mechanism to fail.

And the discs of Toyota Land Cruiser model 200 became more expressive, though not quite combined with a huge SUV. Rulings, wheel arches ledges, all these branded moments on the “bodywork” remain.

The back part, probably, even has slightly added dimensions, the sizes have grown a little or there is such distortion because of the updated bumper, more precisely its lateral structure. The rest is a classic jeep, with a high landing, tilted stern and a huge boot door. A spoiler on the lid, which has already become a traditional attribute, is also distinguished.

Toyota Land Cruiser 200 вид сзади

Interior

In the salon Toyota Land Cruiser 200 on the photo it is clearly seen that they tried to move away from the “Prado”. The model stands out now by the interior design more globally, which was not observed earlier.

On quality of furnish there is nothing to say, yet premium look and here try to please the client as much as possible. Here reigns the atmosphere of luxury, prosperity and harmony, everything is in its rightful place, each key, each control has its own considered area of location.

The “Dashboard” is built in a classical style, with two huge “wells”, in more expensive versions it is possible to establish even the virtual panel as an option, but it in such aggressive design absolutely is not combined. The steering column is not spoilt with control keys, but all that is necessary here is still there.

Toyota Land Cruiser 200 интерьер

The central console is headed by a classic 9-inch monitor, which includes the most advanced multimedia system and a lot of other various puzzles. Under it the control unit occupying almost all plane up to the tunnel is placed.

By the way, the tunnel is relatively new, reshaped the location of the keys, removed some of the options, moving them higher, and here left only the most necessary. Excellent decor under a tree is executed, especially in a combination to seats stylized under peach colour.

Toyota Land Cruiser 200 салон

The seats do not cause rejection, here it is convenient to sit even on the most crowded “gallery”, where two full seats. The middle row presents a comfortable sofa with a well thought-out profile. Several new modes of adjustment, improved side support, as well as pillow rollers received in front of the chair after the update.

Specifications

The technical characteristics of the Toyota Land Cruiser 200 have not changed significantly, but there is still one gasoline engine and its colleague, but from the diesel family. So, the power plant has 4.6 liters of working volume, which allows it to generate at least 309 hp.

The torque in peak values reaches more than 439 Nm. Diesel version, having the same working volume, produces only 249 hp, but has more than 600 Nm. torque. The engines are paired only with the proven 6-range “automatic” and all-wheel drive transmission.

By the way, the transmission was updated with Toyota Land Cruiser 200 clutch discs and some off-road assistance systems, which makes the car feel more confident. Fuel consumption could not be significantly reduced, more than 14 liters at the mixed cycle on a gasoline engine and not less than 8 liters on a diesel engine.

As for the design of the platform, here changes have affected only the suspension and in the tiniest size, because the dimensions have not changed significantly. The suspension is completely independent, the body is held on the basis of two parallel levers on each side of the front, and behind the continuous bridge and springs with the thrust of Panama.

To all surprise, among the features of the car’s equipment, we get a steering mechanism with an outdated hydraulic booster. Perhaps, his past merits have been taken into account and decided not to invent anything new.

The brake system is provided by the leading ABS complex adapted for all types of roads, also in the “base” is installed EBD, ESP and the sea of various assistants.

Complete sets and prices

For the Russian market, as well as before, three sets of equipment were provided. For Toyota Land Cruiser 200 the minimum price will be 2,999,000 rubles this year.

In the basic equipment it is accepted to include a scattering of airbags, two-zone climate, LED optics, several weather sensors, five assistants, an electric package.

More equipped versions, the cost of which exceeds 3,852,000 rubles. additionally receive leather interior, four zone climate, heated chairs, ventilation, parktronic, multimedia.

Top performance will cost no less than 4,159,000 rubles for this price Toyota Land Cruiser 200 from 2019 will get a navigator, adaptive “steering wheel”, all-round visibility, rear door drive, control of “dead” zones.

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Reviews

Peugeot 406 Coupe

Love will come by accident…

Dimitri didn’t want a Peugeot. He has long loved Mercedes for a long time, and two Mercedes-Benz W202s, one W163 and one W140 each, visited his collection. Chevrolet Cruze was a car for every day, but at work Dmitry decided to give a service Octavia, and his Cruze began to stay in the garage for a long time. It was decided to sell it and buy something less dull instead. So at the end of last year, the search for a compartment in the 124th body began.

After examining about ten cars, Dmitry came to the conclusion that it would be too difficult to find this car in good condition. A good friend advised him to look at the Peugeot 406 with a red leather pimp’s salon, which was sold for 300 thousand. The overall condition turned out to be sad: one cylinder did not work, the mileage was twisted, and there were many other drawbacks. But the beginning of love to these cars was still put, and Dmitry began to look for such a coupe in good condition. I wanted a V6 and a manual gearbox.

The hero (or heroine?) of this publication at the time of purchase was the most expensive offer on the model as a whole, but the car was worth it: the penultimate year of production, careful summer operation, almost unrealistic home run in a hundred thousand kilometers … After a short thought the car was bought.

It is Peugeot after all!

Despite the fact that the previous owner of the coupe was very careful and drove it only on the big Church Slavonic holidays, he still had some disadvantages. And Dmitry began to get rid of them.

First of all, he had to fix the rear bumper a little bit – it was slightly damaged while driving backwards. It’s okay: a small local repair and painting of this defect completely corrected.

Then the new owner decided to find more suitable disks. Relatives (16-inch Nautilus) did not look serious and were lost in the big arches of the wings. A new set of 17-inch discs, suitable in terms of parameters (especially the departure), were found on Avito for 18 thousand. Not quite the drain, of course, but it looks much better. And with Pininfarina caps they fit into the image of the car as harmoniously as Ringo Starr in The Beatles.

Another small flaw was found in the salon. The previous owner put an alarm system in the car, for which he safely drilled a hole in the plates of the front columns of the body under the sensors. This alarm was later removed, and the holes, of course, remained. Living with the holes was unpleasant, so I had to look for new covers. They were found in Kazan, where they successfully smashed the same car and decided to sell it by spare parts. A couple of overlays cost only one and a half thousand rubles.

Then it was time for the wiper blades. They are quite archaic here: frame brushes, and the driver’s brushes are also with a spoiler. As a result, the original brushes were found and installed.

It was not a big deal: replacement of burned out light bulbs and dry cleaning of the interior. It was not difficult.

Then there was the usual maintenance with oil and filters replacement. And since Peugeot is not an AMG Mercedes, the prices for this pleasure are sparing: five liters of oil – three thousand rubles, oil filter – 250 rubles, air – 200 rubles. And all maintenance – within four thousand.

I wouldn’t say that the next work belongs to the category of “kolkhozinga” jangtimer, but a small “umbrella” from it comes out: in the radio a digital CD-changer was implanted. However, the appearance of this thing did not spoil in any way, and the space in the trunk freed up from CDs.

That’s where “improving” the already good car was slowed down. But – for a while. There are several other positions in the plans, which it is desirable to turn into life. First, there is a slight sweating of the crankcase engine. The harmful French did not make a separate gasket, and pressed it into a pallet, so you need to change it, not a separate gasket (which is not). You can also give the pallet to specialists who can replace the gasket in it, but Dmitry tends to replace the pallet. And this is probably the right thing to do.

The valve caps sweat a little bit – it’s another patrimonial “pain” of French V6. But here everything can be solved by replacement of gaskets. After that it remains only to polish the car and to rejoice at its faultlessness.

“Allow me! – Some will say. – What about the error of the electronic gas pedal? Oh, don’t put pressure on the blistering blister! Pedal error is a family feature of these motors. Many people fight it, and only a few win. Especially since this error does not affect the speed. Strangely, it does not affect anything at all, and appears and disappears on its own. In the end, it is Peugeot, and some weaknesses are allowed to it. To the honor of the car I will notice that during our trip during the period of our trip the sensor behaved like a lamb of God and never lit a mistake.

Fruit of love of French and Italians

If I was a romantic in a torn sweater with a guitar, I’d remember a song:

The roughness of the ornate roof flows beyond the horizon.

Seventeenth quarter. Paris. A little shudder shudder umbrella.

And the woman is French, serious and cute

She’s in a hurry through the morning, she must have overslept…

But I’m not a romantic, so I found all these lines not in my memory, but on the Internet. However, they are very precise about the mood that the 406 Coupe creates – something soft, romantic, cute and serious at the same time. However, not absolutely French.

The thing is that the Italian studio Pininfarina worked on the exterior of the coupe. And outside this Peugeot is noticeably different not only from the sedan, but also from the “Frenchman” in general. The compartment headlights are noticeable already, than at the sedan, the grille between the hood and bumper was atrophied, and the air comes only through a huge air intake on the front bumper. Thus 406 Coupe does not create impression “soaping” which then, at a time of fascination with “biodesign”, was left by both “Europeans”, and “Asians”, and “Americans”. Apparently, only straight sidelines have an effect. And the compartment is too big for the image of “soaping” – after all, it is 4.26 meters long. In addition, the lack of door posts makes the car visually even longer. And at the same time it is light (but only visually: it has a curb weight of one and a half tons).

The decision of designers to refuse the mirrors painted in body color seems a little strange – they are always black. However, they do not spoil the view.

The Italians weren’t allowed to do the interior, so there’s a little difference from a sedan. In general, only seats are inside. Let’s sit in this driver’s seat and see what’s going on here.

It is difficult to say how much it was necessary to kill cattle to make such a leather interior! In my opinion, all the skin of the world was collected here, they were horrified of what they had done and switched to the use of kozhzama from the excess of repentance. The skin here is honest: it looks good and feels good. Wherever you look, he finds soft inserts everywhere. Door panels, of course, are soft and upholstered with leather. Buttons of window lifters, door handles – everything is hidden in leather folds. Even the central panel is decorated with soft leather. It seems that if you stroke the interior with your hand a little bit, you will hear sad mooing and sad cow’s eyes will look out of the ashtray. Greta Tunberg would probably have had enough condratium here, but I personally regret that such salons are not made now.

It is a pity that the plastic panels of the multimedia system and the inserts on the panel are made of grey plastic under the aluminum, dreary as the New Year’s Eve in the shelter for homeless animals. But we will not condense the paint: if this plastic is distinguished in the cabin, it does not make it look too cheap. No, everything is decent.

There’s plenty of room in the front and back. With a height of 180 cm and a set of Apollo, who stayed at my grandmother’s for too long, there was no room for me either there or there. Comfort is also promoted by a wide range of adjustments – everything is good here. At the same time, the profile of the chair does not dispose to aggressive driving: lateral support is weak, and the landing turns out to be relaxed.

The dashboard does not pull on the age – the design at it very successful and does not seem out-of-date. Unless the numbers are a bit small, but you can get used to it. Shall we start the engine?

From the bottom to the top

The soundproofing of the coupe is decent: the engine idling is not heard, although a little noble vibration is present. But it is also so much to understand that under the hood there is a V6 quite serious volume. The gearbox is manual, so we squeeze the clutch.

It seems that the second gear is also suitable for the start – the first gear has to be changed to the second one almost immediately, and the traction is enough with excess. Probably, it will be difficult to stop at the first gear. Well, what can I say: 2.95 liters of ES9J4 engine volume, its 285 Nm of torque and 207 hp. – is a pretty serious application. And there is an interesting feature: the engine is very revolving and the maximum power it gives out only at 6 000 rpm, and the moment – at 3 750. And it is possible to accelerate confidently already with two thousand! I wonder, what will happen if you spin the engine harder? Wow, yeah, we have someone raging here! After three thousand revolutions the coupe really comes to life. It hasn’t complained about the lack of dynamics before, but here it’s just vomiting and swarming! Motor behavior with good traction in the whole speed range is a pleasant surprise.

It seems that this car would be a good fit for a beginner. Very pleased with the clarity of gears, predictable and easily controlled forces on pedals, not too sharp, but clear steering. It would seem that you should ride for your pleasure. But you know what is missing here? Rear drive. Yes, it sounds strange, but in such compartment the drive should be back. But it is front, therefore character of the car turns out strange: with a fire, but without the big desire to inflate a flame from this fire. You want to drive a car, you want to drive fast – and you want, and you can, but you can’t dominate and humiliate. Maybe that’s the beauty of the French coupe, but why does it need three liters of volume?

On a wide street on the outskirts of Moscow, I slowly began to understand why I need these very three liters – just to go and not think about anything. It is a pity that there is nowhere to put your right hand – there is no armrest here. Maybe the French unbridled engineers hoped that the driver would put his hand on the lap of the companion, but the owner of the car was sitting next to me. With all due respect to Dmitry, his knee is not the knee I would put my hand on. I had to put it on mine.

The coupe suspension only confirms my assumption about the character of the car – gently, quietly, comfortably. And without a hint of sportiness or – God forbid – aggression. At the same time, there are practically no rolls in corners, attempts to wander along the trajectory – too. The rear steering suspension works very well, which slightly twists the car into a corner.

I suppose if this coupe had a slightly stiffer suspension, and the drive – the rear, the car would become much clearer. And so it is very pleasant on the move, but it is necessary to understand long in the sensations. Most likely, in this compartment it is necessary to sit together and wave to the south.

What’s next?

I remembered about the trip to the south for a reason: Dmitry had already gone there with his bride – to Abkhazia and Krasnaya Polyana. The car left the best impressions: you don’t get tired while driving, quietly, the consumption is 10 liters per hundred kilometers, which is very modest for V6. Besides, with the back seat folded in the compartment there were skis and snowboards. Grand tourismo as it is!

Plans to use the car – further careful operation. The season is coming to an end, the car will soon be in a warm parking lot until next spring.

Sale? And this is possible, but only for a good price – such a coupe needs itself!

 

 

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Volkswagen Multivan 2017 test drive of the new Multivan

 

Volkswagen Multivan 2017 is the sixth generation of Volkswagen Multivan – or “cartoon”, as Russian motorists affectionately call it. The new Volkswagen Multivan doesn’t look like the first cult generation of Volkswagen T1, which has become a favourite among informal, surfers and hippies. The ancestor of the first Volkswagen was simple in appearance. The new Multivan T6 is monumental form, frontal diode devices of this classic family car of Volkswagen car concern look harsh.

Volkswagen Multivan 2017

Volkswagen Multivan 2017

It is necessary to recognize – the main fees in the sphere of sales of commercial cars popular among travelers and entrepreneurs of the German brand makes not Volkswagen Multivan, but more practical and democratic in value. Volkswagen Transporter and Caravelle – on European routes and delight their owners in the line of minibuses Volkswagen – Multivagen – is a step higher, it is a premium class. In an expensive complete set cost VW Multivan T6 approaches to 5 million roubles that is not a limit – there is a version of Multivan in the price list for 6,5 million.

Exterior Volkswagen Multivan

The basic sizes of a body of brutal colours, wheels with cast disks give Volkswagen Multivan solidity and severity. From “trinkets” in the exterior of Multivan only chrome strips on the grille and boot lid, present in the top equipment Multivan T6. And the exterior is not important in Volkswagen Multivan – a practical German car is not to admire it. The main thing is in the salon VW Multivan T6.

Volkswagen Multivan T6 Salon

Volkswagen Multivan does not have hatches and door windows in the most complex configuration of various options. Everything else is present – the car all-wheel drive 4Motion with automatic connection, locking the rear differential, management of the multimedia system in Multivan T6 – is made by voice.

Sliding electric drive side doors Volkswagen Multiven are very convenient – controlled by a key chain and keys on the dashboard. Huge door equipped with a special sensor blocking motion in the presence of obstacles, closing, not pinching either baby or pet. Electric rear door at Multivan T6 – has a large amplitude and good speed when lifting – if zazed, sensitively hits the chin, when opening it is better to make a couple of steps back. There is a complete set of Volkswagen Multiven with swing doors.

volkswagen-multivan

volkswagen-multivan

The driver’s seat in the Volkswagen Multivan T6 2017 is carefully designed. As soon as the driver adjusts the seat and mirrors in his own way, he feels as if he was born in the Multivan T6. The leather steering wheel and lever handle of the seven-stage DSG robot box lie comfortably in the palm of his hand. Ergonomically thick, with optimal stroke length – the switches under the steering wheel are located where they are easiest to reach by hand.

The large touchscreen display in the Multivan T6 shows brightly, clearly. The logical arrangement of handles, keys, buttons – just to understand, get used to them, they are a little bit, only necessary. All over the salon Volkswagen Multivagen T6 enough gloves, various compartments for trifles. Under the rear passenger seat there are a lot of drawers.

Panels of this tested version of Volkswagen are stylized in the American spirit – spotty “as a nut”. Thanks to the colouring, the interior of the Multivan T6 is similar to that of an expensive yacht, not to that of a commercial Volkswagen beads.

The peculiarity of Volkswagen Multivan T6 salon is the possibility of various transformations: driver’s and front passenger seats with two-color leather upholstery in T6 are unfolded, they can be completely removed. The same is true of the sofa – by dismantling it, you can turn the car into a truck, which is a pity to do a little bit – the carpet will get dirty.

For rear passengers, Multivan T6 has a mobile table with pockets for small things at the base, it moves back and forth, conveniently rotates a rounded tabletop – on the way you can make notes and work on a laptop. Especially the ergonomic space of the Volkswagen Multivan T6 interior becomes more ergonomic when the rear seat is pushed back to the maximum – the legroom becomes more spacious than in a top-class Maybach car. This reduces the space in the luggage compartment of Multiven, but it is quite enough for a large sports bag there.

Volkswagen Multivan Т6

Volkswagen Multivan Т6

For passengers, Volkswagen equipped the new Multivan with individual climate control systems, bulbs, sockets and curtains on the windows. The new Volkswagen Multivagen T6 is undoubtedly comfortable. The multimedia system interacts with smartphones and other external devices. There is a Good Night package that turns the car into a sleeping place. An additional option is a thermal box that cools food and keeps it hot.

Multivan T6 running characteristics

Diesel engine Volkswagen Multivan T6 – 2.0 liters, with two turbines (the most powerful of diesel engines – the most powerful) has a capacity of 180 hp, perfectly pulls a cargo minibus. There are variants of Multivan with gasoline engines, however, we took a test drive of Volkswagen Multivagen diesel.

Due to the fact that originally VW Multivan was conceived as a commercial vehicle – the new Volkswagen Multivagen T6 is clumsy. This is partly offset by adaptive shock absorbers. Rigidity of shock-absorbers in new Volkswagen Multiven changes during movement, but at moving of the “lying policeman” riders will feel a sensitive blow. On a flat road Volkswagen Multivan T6 soars – driving does not bring the slightest discomfort, it is pleasant to keep a way to new adventures in faraway edges. Pendant Multivan T6 is good, without excess softness – does not shake the soul. In German, Volkswagen Multivan T6 is comfortable in operation, reliable in operation – thanks to the symbiosis of ergonomic and driving qualities improved by decades.

Volkswagen Multivan is able to compete only with Mercedes-Benz V-class, but it is more expensive – more comfortable, more elegant. The new Multivan T6 – the house on wheels, respectable, hi-tech, harmonious design – is attractive for travelers, people traveling on the highways on business. The principal task to provide the maximum comfort to the driver and demanding passengers in Multivan T6 car concern Volkswagen AG solved brilliantly. German quality, coupled with the constant improvement of Volkswagen cars, as always, gave us a great result, which appears before us as the new Volkswagen Multivagen T6 2017 model year.

 

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BMW i3 electric car from a well-known brand

 

BMW i3

BMW i3

BMW i3 characteristics
Interior

The interior of a BMW car is attractive. It is very pleasant to be inside. It seems that the driver, being in the car, is literally moving into the near future. It is quiet and airy inside, especially when driving at low speeds.

The seating is high and the seats for the driver and passengers are flat, with the contour shown. But even if you have seats with unusual overestimation, you want to feel, press and touch everything in the interior of the vehicle. Considering BMW i3 cost, it looks great from seats to wheels, doors, speed and interior for driver and passenger.

View from the driver’s seat

The steering wheel’s roller regulator with a separate parking button on it looks good and works. The operating modes of the automatic transmission in a BMW vehicle are always displayed in front of the eyes. The top of the panel with the devices seems to be made of secondary raw materials. The dashboard looks great, and the fibers of the dashboard are reflected in the sun on the windshield. Save the position of the glasses with polarization at speed.

BMW

The entire interior smells like secondary dashboard materials, and this smell is particularly pleasant. A serious ergonomic miscalculation, and it touches the buttons responsible for controlling the windows. They are very close to the middle rack. To use the buttons, drivers have to turn around and bend their hands at the most unnatural geometric angles.

And the original “cigarette lighter” outlet located near the bottom of the soaring console was put in the piggy bank of the design solution. It should be noted that the socket described above is not the only one. The similar socket for its use settles down on an armrest near sitting at movement of vehicle BMW.

The navigator cannot be hung on the front windscreen, it is located far from the driver’s seat. For the positioning of the navigator (still important), it is possible to use the cup holder when the BMW vehicle is moving.

Display

The central display with indicators and performance indicators is nice and clear, but surprisingly, it is not a touch screen, so it is useless to smear it and drive the display with your finger. An iDrive touch selector is available if desired. The display of the dashboard occupies one third of the height of the panel. As for the rest of the space, it is occupied by control lamps.

BMW i3

BMW i3

Input of voice commands also works perfectly, where with Russian accent the machine understands two commands of the vehicle movement – traction control off and display off on the display inside the vehicle interior.

The space in the rear seats

A man with a height of 180 centimeters will sit comfortably behind the driver’s seat. He or she, with average height or height above average, can sit comfortably on the back of the seat.

Doors

The doors close and open perfectly, just like the Mazda RX8 or the Rolls Royce. The windows have no frames on the front doors, which looks stunning enough for the driver in the seat. The lack of a frame adds a little visual space if the windows on the doors are 100 percent open. But the windows are not pleasant to close, with rattling effects and plastic sounds. This is an omission of the vehicle and doors.

Speed

Driving at high speed, as well as accelerating on an electrified vehicle is quite pleasant. There is no serious trouble associated with the work of the automatic transmission. Pulling in this car is enough regardless of the selected and used mode of movement, so the pull is called flat and quite predictable when driving.

By sensations the engine is weaker, than factory engine GTI. There is no lag in the process of pressing the accelerator pedal, and if you release the accelerator pedal while driving, the recovery mode will automatically start when the vehicle significantly reduces the initial speed of movement. When decelerating, the feet on the vehicle light up.

This feature of the car has become quite justified and organic, especially for users of manual boxes. There is an impression that the car does not brake, and at once the whole engine brakes. But Golf, and V8 and V6 engines are not able to brake exactly the same way for the vehicle. An even greater advantage in the vehicle is the control and monitoring of the traction while driving.

BMW i3

BMW i3

Vehicles move well if you use urban speeds. But still periodically breaks the suspension if you drive over the hatch cover, drowned in the road for a few centimeters.

On highways it is uncomfortable and difficult to move, especially if the speed of 100 and above. This is due to the soft suspension, and for it feels justified and justified fear, or with a small base, or with the wind. Another possible reason is narrow wheels. In general, the reasons for the uncomfortable movement can be different, but the impression is identical – the vehicle is waving all over the lane from one side to the other when moving.

It is not easy to skid a car at exits or entrances, but if it turns out to be, the car slides not with certain wheels, but with all at once. In general, the BMW is well controlled, but because of the rolls there is no desire to light up on the seat.

Electricity.

There is little good news here. The range is up to 130 km, but after half a distance, the machine is a strong reminder of the need for the approaching moment of refueling. The same distance of 75 can be covered with gasoline, but it will be harder for the driver to enjoy the journey in an electrified car.

The time required to fully charge from scratch takes about 60 minutes, and if you use a less fast charger, it will take about 5 hours to charge it. Charging from a standard battery takes, as if it were to take forever. Sale of BMW i3 in Russia is established, so soon and refueling of electricity and electrification will be everywhere.

Conclusion

In general, it is a pleasant and original vehicle, comparable in size to a Mini Cooper. It is suitable for any citizen of the Russian Federation who travels in the city for short distances. It is important to find specialized charging stations near the house/workplace, but if you use the car for driving for short distances, they are not needed. Ideal for fans of green ideas. BMW i3 price in Russia allows you to buy it for people with average income.

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Toyota Prius 2018-2019

 

The new generation of Toyota Prius is a new, unique and very practical range of cars that are very popular with a large number of motorists. The new car has been subjected to quality restyling of almost every key detail. Designers of the car tried not to change the whole image much, limiting themselves to just a few strokes that make the car truly unique.
общий вид

Overall, the new Toyota Prius has changed:

  • design;
  • technical characteristics;
  • capacity;
  • technological stuffing.

In addition, the new car received its own equipment and prices, which, in turn, collect extremely positive feedback from owners and critics.

Design

The 2018-2019 Toyota Prius was released in a completely new bodywork, designed in a modern way, taking into account the most popular user requirements. Thus, the designers of Toyota Motors created a beautiful car with a streamlined body and elite interior.

вид спереди

You can see the details of the car in the photo.

Appearance

In general, the new car has received a huge number of unique innovations, both in its own model range of Prius, and in each other car from this manufacturer. Among the main features can be noted the following:

The air inlet in front of the car has become more visible and has a dark strip at the top;
The bumper has been reconfigured and has been given a different shape to allow for the installation of fog lights;
The body has received numerous bends, making the new car truly unique, compared to earlier cars from the same company;
external lighting has undergone global changes that have made the experience of driving a car much more colourful in the dark.

Judging by the car as a direct relative to other Toyota Motors cars, one can notice a clear desire of the company’s engineers to make a unique sedan with its own features, but with compliance with branded details.

In the photo it is possible to see the details of the car’s lighting equipment.

Salon

As in the case of most Toyota cars, the Prius 2018-2019 model has a surprisingly high quality interior. The main interior decoration is made of high quality and durable materials. It is important to note that quality materials are also used in the engine design, which increases the technical characteristics and operating time.

приборная панель

For a detailed inspection of the salon it is recommended to watch the corresponding photos and videos on the Internet.

салон

The seats are equipped with some additional functions, the availability of which is determined by the equipment and, consequently, the cost. Among the main innovations can be referred to:

A modified dashboard to facilitate driving;
an extremely convenient central console with additional functions;
compact gearshift lever;
three-spoke steering wheel;
Multimedia modern system with clear touch control.

Among other things, it is important to note that the new Toyota Prius 2018-2019 showroom has significantly increased in size, providing more space for the driver and passengers. This feature is unique, as sedans usually have a small saloon. In addition, the car, despite the technical characteristics, is equipped with a small engine.

During the journey, comfort is also facilitated by the size of the trunk, allowing you to carry large loads without problems. In addition, the luggage compartment can be expanded, which can be seen in the photo.

Dimensions

Toyota Prius, as positively noted by the reviews, received its own size, which is the latest design difference from the early cars. Thus, the car of 2018-2019 has:

The length is 4550 mm;
The width is 1770 mm;
height – 1490 mm.

The ground clearance and wheelbase have not undergone any special changes in comparison with earlier cars. However, the technical characteristics of the machine’s load capacity have still been relatively increased and have been separately noted by owners and critics through positive feedback.

габариты

The weight of the new car is 1280 kg in the basic version and 1350 kg in the case of a car with charging from the Prius PHV network.

Photos representing the size of the car can be easily found on the Internet.

 

Complete sets

 

To date, the official cost of the Toyota Prius 2018-2019 model year in the new bodywork in Russia is not known. However, there is accurate information that in European countries the car has a price of 25 thousand 32 dollars.

Of course, as in the case of early cars, the Toyota Prius car is presented in several different configurations with its own unique features. In addition, depending on the equipment is determined not only by the technological stuffing, but also the presence of some visual details.

As a rule, the technical characteristics of the machine are not connected with the complete sets and their cost.

Despite the fact that the price for each new car is an average for the world car market, there is nothing special in the car. However, when buying this car, the consumer should know that he buys a hybrid Toyota Prius car of 2017-2018 model – this in itself increases the cost of the car.

The type of each car is shown in the corresponding photo.

Specifications

The new car, as mentioned earlier, has its own specifications directly related to the hybrid engine.

The engine is a highlight of the car, which distinguishes the new model Toyota Prius from other models of hatchbacks. The Toyota Prius hybrid has a fairly high performance for this class of car.

Toyota Prius has an atmospheric, as well as gasoline and standard engine – 2 pairs of high-performance cylinders, which have 16 valves and a volume of 1.8 liters. It is worth noting the following features:

The engine is capable of producing 99 hp at a compression level of 13.5 units;
The engine power is 82 hp;
The torque is 207 Nm;
The motor is powered by a special nickel-hydride high-performance battery, which has increased operating power of 6.7 A / h.

Toyota Prius model 2017-2018 has extremely positive feedback from owners, who distinguish it:

  • ease of operation;
  • engine stability during operation.

In the photo you can see the engine, its appearance inspiring confidence

двигатель

Among other things, it is important to note additional features.

Modes of operation

Toyota Prius’ specifications also include the ability to switch off the new gasoline engine when stopping and a choice of 3 driving modes, such as

EV DM mode – suitable for short journeys. This mode makes it possible not to switch on the gasoline engine when it is necessary to overcome a short distance of up to 2 km.
PM – used for driving on the road.
ECO Mode – used for long journeys without frequent stops.

As a rule, feedback from owners and car critics indicates a clear superiority of the car over early models, as well as in the case of other modern cars.

задний ряд

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The Ford Tourneo Courier hasn’t changed much

 

The Ford Tourneo Courier was first displayed at the Geneva Motor Show in 2013. Since then, the manufacturer has been gradually making changes to its child. The last time it was planned to hold a full facelift of the model. It hasn’t undergone any major changes, and now there are new photos of the updated passenger car in the networks. The tubular safety frame of the car has undergone a noticeable transformation, and the novelty is being tested in the Alps. The utility car is still being actively developed, confirming the fact that the chassis are constantly improved in the conditions of mountain roads. In fact, Tourneo Courier is the most modest family passenger and cargo vehicle, which is equipped with either a liter version of the EcoBusta with 100 horses inside or a liter and a half of diesel engine with 75 horses.

Ford Tourneo Courier

Ford Tourneo Courier


Most of the changes in the machine were related to technical stuffing. This included steering, brakes, powertrains and most importantly, on-board electronics. On the front panel the Tourneo received a full information and entertainment system. By the way, this system was updated only a few days ago, and its basis was the system of previous generation Tourneo.

Ford Tourneo Courier

Ford Tourneo Courier

Depending on the equipment of this Ford will be transformed and its salon. By the way, in several variants there is a retractable multimedia panel, and in others there is a smartphone docking station. The power units have not changed much, only their torque has been increased. This, in turn, allowed to achieve fuel economy and significantly improve driving characteristics of the vehicles. Electronics will find a transformation in the security system. It is quite likely that the manufacturer will provide its child with a night detector for detecting pedestrians, an intelligent speed limiter and a function of reading traffic signs. It is worth expecting changes in the multimedia complex, where the display diagonal will be increased and a couple of functions will be added for a full system docking with a smartphone. Ford tourneo reviews can confirm the plausibility of all the expected innovations, however, it will have to wait a little longer for the manufacturer to release his big guy on the global automotive market.

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Tesla Model X – test drive

 

The Tesla Model X is a truly unique car that deserves attention. Among all the cars that were tested by the world-famous experts from NHTSA, this model has yielded in terms of safety only to a significantly expensive and representative model of the class “S”. It is worth noting that this model after the safety test received a score of 5.4 points, which is even impossible by the rules. This test showed that safe and reliable cars can be not only the representatives of expensive class.

Tesla Model X

Tesla Model X

Tesla model x test characteristics

The front crash test simulated a frontal impact of the car at a speed of 56 kilometers per hour. Side impact of different severity was simulated and simulated.

This model of the car is durable and easily survives such emergency situations. The concept of the car and the correct positioning of vital parts significantly increases the safety of passengers. The car is protected by a fully electric structure. Electronics is safer in the event of an accident if gasoline is combined with heavy running gear. The only heavy things in the car are batteries, but even they make the car safe. The fact is that tesla test showed excellent stability of the car in case of accident. Test drive tesla showed that in a difficult emergency the car stays on wheels and does not flip over. This was achieved by the engineers of the car construction company due to the fact that very heavy batteries are evenly located under the floor. The centre of gravity is very low and simply does not allow the vehicle to flip over.

Tesla model x

Tesla model x

The tesla model x test showed that in a critical traffic accident all car passengers have a chance (93%) that they will not suffer serious injuries. This is a high figure, which even the world-famous car construction companies aspire to. This result was achieved due to the intelligent concept of auto. In addition to the well positioned batteries, the overall concept of the car also contributes to safety. Those places that often suffer from accidents have been redesigned so that they can absorb even the strongest impacts. In the event of a severe collision, the car is deformed outward, not inward, which increases the likelihood that a person in the cabin will suffer minimal damage.

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Toyota Yaris 2018-2019 in a new body

 

Toyota Yaris 3rd generation is a modern and very compact car that combines ease of operation and low fuel consumption. The car Toyota Yaris, offers car owners new powerful engines, updated design of the body, comfortable interior of the cabin and a rich variety of equipment equipment kitting.

Toyota Yaris 2018-2019 in a new body: photo, price, characteristics

Toyota Yaris 2018-2019 price depends on the equipment and is determined by technical and technological characteristics.

общий вид

Complete sets

The 2018-2019 Toyota Yaris Sedan is available to Russian customers in two different configurations, each with its own value and technical characteristics. Most of the feedback on the cost and possible layout of the new car is positive. However, some owners and critics miss the most important nuances, which is why the car cannot be called the leader of the car market.

вид спереди

The two main sets of equipment include..:

three-door model – from 11 thousand 990 euros;
Five-door model – from 12 thousand 690 euros.

Among other things, the equipment is divided because of the installed engines. Especially for Toyota Yaris five engines of different capacities were produced.

In general, each sedan or hatchback has a price close to the price of the basic model, with a difference of several hundred thousand. This is due to the fact that the standard equipment has almost the same set of features as the maximum modification.

As a rule, each model of Toyota Yaris released in 2016-2017 does not have inherently strong differences between them. The only significant difference is the presence or absence of a mechanical gearbox or variator. An important remark is that the sedans and hatchbacks of Toyota Yaris are almost identical.

Design

Each new model of Toyota Yaris has a unique design, designed in full compliance with the manufacturer’s canons. Reviews about the new design are mostly positive.

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If you want to evaluate the visual merits of the new machine, you can watch the corresponding videos or photos.

Appearance

The new exterior of the car model looks much better. A modern compact car with an expressively made front and side surfaces. Very dynamic and at the same time somewhat aggressive appearance. Toyota Yaris’s feedback from owners is only positive, with a large number of motorists, distinguishes high stability of the car on the road, ease of driving and spacious interior.

The rear part of the new car is covered by a slightly modified boot lid. All the optics on the car has a newfashioned LED sections.

вид седана

The front bumper has undergone the biggest changes compared to the early car manufacturer. Thus, the front part of the car is tamed by large air intakes, high-quality fog lights and significantly redesigned optics.

Salon

The Toyota Yaris Sedan released in 2018-2019 as a basic package has very few innovations. However, from the technological side, the new sedan has undergone several major upgrades.

салон

The most complete modification has:

The wide information-entertainment display;
multifunctional steering wheel, providing control over the cabin systems with the manufacturer’s logo;
rear view camera;
sport mode system;
stepless variator MultiDrive;
A wide view of the road, due to the windscreen and side windows;
compact side mirrors providing good rear visibility.

Among other things, the new Toyota Yaris sedan, released in 2016-2017, has a large amount of free space in the cabin.

Toyota Yaris technical characteristics

The new generation is significantly larger than the previous model – although it is in class B. The length of the car is more than 3880 mm, and the width of the new model Toyota Yaris – 1695 mm, in height – 1512 mm. The wheelbase has a size of 2510 mm, the car track – 1460/1450 mm. with the help of an increased wheelbase of 50 mm. Toyota Yaris technical characteristics have a large number of upgrades and upgrades.

The car has a spacious and qualitatively new finished interior. The capacity of the main luggage compartment is more than 280 liters. But when to add up automobile backrests of seats which are divided in a proportion 40/60 then loading volume of space becomes much more and now makes value in 772 litres.

Toyota Yaris

Toyota Yaris has significantly higher specifications than previous models of cars of this world famous car brand. Under the hood there is a choice of 3 efficient engines – 2 gasoline and high-performance diesel engines. Gasoline engines are offered for motorists with a capacity of 1 and 1.33 liters, and the high-performance diesel engine has a capacity of 1.4 liters and is installed in a model that is fully driven.

For a complete understanding of the machine’s technical characteristics it is necessary to study in detail the basic and maximum engine. The standard 1.0-litre gasoline engine has the following characteristics:

  • A power of 69 horsepower;
  • torque of 93 Nm;
  • Maximum speed up to 155 km/h;
  • Acceleration to 100 km/h in 15.3 seconds.

The top 1.4-liter diesel engine has the following characteristics:

  • Power of 90 horsepower;
  • torque of 205 Nm;
  • the maximum speed to 175 km/h;
  • Acceleration up to 100 km/h in 10.8 seconds.

Among other things, worthy of attention is the hybrid version of the car, which has under the hood an engine with a capacity of 100 hp and volume of 1.5 liters.

As for Toyota Yaris, the feedback from the owners is only positive, with a large number of car enthusiasts, it stands out for low fuel consumption, high stability on the road and ease of driving.